Oldest University

There have been learning centers available for students for many centuries, ever since knowledge started spreading, but not all olden learning centers can be classified as universities. A college is an institution that grants learning degrees, whereas a university is a collection of many such colleges granting various degrees. The classification and definition of a university differs from country to country. For example, in the United States, an educational institution that undertakes research work is given this title. In the United Kingdom, the Further and Higher Education Act of 1992 grants power to the Privy Council to confer this title upon an institution. Basically, it means an institution of higher education (both undergraduate and postgraduate) and research, which confers degrees upon its students.
There were two universities which came before all the old ones that are functioning today, although these two are not in existence anymore. One of these universities was Takshashila and the other one was Nalanda.
Takshashila
Location: Currently in Pakistan
Founded in: 600 BC
It prospered greatly from 600 BC to 500 AD. It is said to be the world’s first proper university. It was present during the time of the Gandhara kingdom. Students from all over, including Babylon, Greece, China, and Syria came to learn there. The subjects that were taught included the vedas, warfare, surgery, grammar, medicine, archery, accounts, politics, futurology, astronomy, music, documentation, dance, the occult, and many more. These were taught by experienced people who had mastered them greatly. It was located in the northwest of the then Bharat (now India). Chanakya was one of the students of this university.

Nalanda
Location: Bihar, India
Founded in: 500 AD
This university was in operation for 800 years from 500 AD to 1300 AD. It had a campus that was a mile long and half a mile wide. There were 300 classrooms and laboratories, and such other facilities. It also had an observatory known as the Ambudharaavlehi and a massive library known as Dharma Gunj. The entrance exam that needed to be given to get admission into this university was said to be extremely tough, with the number of students clearing it being only 3 out of 10. This institution was destroyed by invaders.
The following is a list of some of the oldest universities in the world that are functioning even today.
University of Al-Karaouine
Location: Fes, Morocco
Founded in: 859 AD
Also known as the University of Al-Qarawiyyin, it was founded in 859 AD by a woman called Fatima Al-Fihri. Located in Fes, Morocco, this is the oldest Madrassa in the world, and is revered by the Muslim world in particular. It is a great spiritual and educational center. It focuses mainly on Islamic religious and legal sciences. The Guinness Book of World Records has recorded it as the oldest continuously-operating degree-granting university.