Monthly Archives: October 2017

Here are some homeschooling laws you should know

Quick Fact
In the year 2011-2102, the parents of 91% of the homeschooled pupils said that their dissatisfaction with the public school environment was the primary reason for switching their children to home schools, instead.
Homeschooling is a concept fast becoming popular in the U.S., with many families preferring to teach their children at home, instead of sending them to a more formal educational institution. The reasons for this vary―parents wish to be associated more closely with their child’s development, or they feel dissatisfied with the public school system, or they are worried about their child’s safety when at school, or their child has special needs, or even if the child is gifted in music or sport and needs more time to practice that art.
Yes, the reasons definitely vary. What remains universal is the fact that parents believe they can make their child a better individual if he/she is schooled at home, either by them, or a tutor. However, it may not be very easy to switch to or decide on homeschooling, in some states. Fortunately, the law in Texas is friendlier on parents, and allows them to switch to homeschooling quite easily. Before you make the decision of schooling your child at home, do make sure to get well acquainted with all your legal rights.
Homeschooling Laws in Texas
Homeschools in Texas are considered to be private schools by law, and hence, children are exempted from compulsory attendance to public schools if they are being schooled at home. An excerpt from the Texas Education Code, Chapter 25, Section 25.086. states that, “A child is exempt from the requirements of compulsory school attendance if the child:
(1) attends a private or parochial school that includes in its course a study of good citizenship;”

For legal homeschooling in Texas, the law requires parents to follow three basic requirements:
The curriculum must include five mandatory subjects―spelling, grammar, mathematics, reading, and a study of good citizenship (i.e., civics).
The curriculum must be in visual form―either books, computers, or a combination of both.
The instruction must be bona fide, which means that it must be completely genuine, and not a sham.
Many families have found that their children have highly benefited from homeschooling, have gone on to university after completing 18 years of age, and have become successful, accomplished adults.
Homeschooling in Texas: All That You Should Know
Texas is a “free” state when it comes to homeschooling, meaning, the law is easier on parents than homeschooling laws in other states in the US. There are a few general requirements for legitimate homeschooling in Texas, which are fairly easy for parents to understand and follow.

Engineering Schools

Students, particularly those who’re interested in engineering courses, have great admiration for some of the best engineering colleges in the US. Certainly, completing engineering studies from best undergraduate schools in the US qualifies students to be eligible for some of the highest salaries in engineering field. Moreover, the opportunity to work with some of the best firms in the world is no less rewarding. A comparative analysis of various salary ranges for jobs will present before you that engineering jobs are one of the most decently paid jobs all across the world. Be it IT jobs or the civil engineering field, engineers earn very competitive salaries.

Of course, it must be kept in mind that an individual has to work hard and must have a certain aptitude to get into these colleges by cracking their entrance exams. The real challenge of such kind of career education starts once students enter these universities, as the pressure of rigorous training and studies are very challenging. Students seeking admission in such reputed colleges must understand that they will be among the best brains of the nation, and so they have to work hard and prove themselves. Only then big firms and world-class MNCs that visit their campuses during placements will recruit them. Well, names like MIT, Stanford, and University of California have always been among the most reputed undergraduate engineering schools in USA. These maintain their top position thanks to their world-class teaching facilities, extensive research methodology in studies, and tough competition in this field.

Top Undergraduate Engineering Schools 2010 in USA

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Contact Details
MIT School of Engineering
Room 1-206
77 Massachusetts Ave.
Cambridge, MA 02139
617-253-3291

University of California-Berkeley
Contact Details
College of Engineering, Dean’s Office
320 McLaughlin Hall #1700
University of California Berkeley, CA 94720
510-642-5771

Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta
Contact Details
225 North Avenue NW Atlanta, GA 30332
Work (404) 894-4154

Stanford University
Contact Details
Stanford University
450 Serra Mall
Stanford, CA 94305
650-723-2300

Top Undergraduate Engineering Schools by Branch

Computer Engineering
Computer science field has grown to dominate the entire engineering sector as advancements in it has increased to such a great extent that it’s a part of every industry. Computer science graduates and engineers have tremendous growth opportunities in various fields. Some of the best undergraduate engineering schools in US in computer science fields are.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Stanford University
Carnegie Mellon University
University of California-Berkeley
Cornell University
University of Texas-Austin
University of Illinois-Urbana-Champaign
Princeton University
California Institute of Technology
University of Washington
Yale University

Oldest University

There have been learning centers available for students for many centuries, ever since knowledge started spreading, but not all olden learning centers can be classified as universities. A college is an institution that grants learning degrees, whereas a university is a collection of many such colleges granting various degrees. The classification and definition of a university differs from country to country. For example, in the United States, an educational institution that undertakes research work is given this title. In the United Kingdom, the Further and Higher Education Act of 1992 grants power to the Privy Council to confer this title upon an institution. Basically, it means an institution of higher education (both undergraduate and postgraduate) and research, which confers degrees upon its students.
There were two universities which came before all the old ones that are functioning today, although these two are not in existence anymore. One of these universities was Takshashila and the other one was Nalanda.
Takshashila
Location: Currently in Pakistan
Founded in: 600 BC
It prospered greatly from 600 BC to 500 AD. It is said to be the world’s first proper university. It was present during the time of the Gandhara kingdom. Students from all over, including Babylon, Greece, China, and Syria came to learn there. The subjects that were taught included the vedas, warfare, surgery, grammar, medicine, archery, accounts, politics, futurology, astronomy, music, documentation, dance, the occult, and many more. These were taught by experienced people who had mastered them greatly. It was located in the northwest of the then Bharat (now India). Chanakya was one of the students of this university.

Nalanda
Location: Bihar, India
Founded in: 500 AD
This university was in operation for 800 years from 500 AD to 1300 AD. It had a campus that was a mile long and half a mile wide. There were 300 classrooms and laboratories, and such other facilities. It also had an observatory known as the Ambudharaavlehi and a massive library known as Dharma Gunj. The entrance exam that needed to be given to get admission into this university was said to be extremely tough, with the number of students clearing it being only 3 out of 10. This institution was destroyed by invaders.
The following is a list of some of the oldest universities in the world that are functioning even today.
University of Al-Karaouine
Location: Fes, Morocco
Founded in: 859 AD
Also known as the University of Al-Qarawiyyin, it was founded in 859 AD by a woman called Fatima Al-Fihri. Located in Fes, Morocco, this is the oldest Madrassa in the world, and is revered by the Muslim world in particular. It is a great spiritual and educational center. It focuses mainly on Islamic religious and legal sciences. The Guinness Book of World Records has recorded it as the oldest continuously-operating degree-granting university.

Massive Online Open Course (MOOC) You Never Knew

Massive Open Online Course, abbreviated as MOOC, has been heralded as the next big thing in education. It offers students an opportunity to learn from some of the best professors of the top Universities around the world. Although MOOC is still at a nascent stage, the overwhelming response it has garnered worldwide can be a sign of the times to come. However, in spite of getting widespread acclaim and acceptance (The New York Times dubbed 2012 as ‘The Year of MOOC’), there are certain challenges associated with it. The lack of accreditation of MOOCs is a concern that has been raised by many skeptics. Also, it has been seen that the difference between the number of students joining an MOOC, and the actual number of students completing it, is enormous. These concerns have raised certain questions on whether it is really the future of education around the world, or just another passing trend. Before we take a look at the advantages and disadvantages of MOOCs, let us quickly see how it became the buzzword in the last couple of years.
A Brief History of MOOC
Distance learning is an alternative to people who want to acquire higher studies, but are not able to due to geographical or monetary reasons. In its initial phase, distance learning was generally carried out through snail mails. After the advent of radio and television, there was a remarkable pedagogical change. But, what perhaps changed the whole structure of distance learning was the invention of personal computers and the World Wide Web. Students could now get all the information on a real-time basis, and connect with their fellows and teachers. Realizing that the Internet had opened up new areas of imparting education, many educators began to launch free online courses to mass audiences.

Speaking strictly about MOOCs, the first contributors were Stephen Downes and George Siemens of the University of Manitoba, Canada. But what really brought MOOCs in the mainstream consciousness was the ‘Introduction to Artificial Intelligence’ course, offered by two Stanford Professors – Sebastian Thrun and Peter Norvig. A whopping 160,000 students from 190 countries signed up for the course, and a new method of teaching and learning was born. MOOC was massive, online, and open, and it promised to present an opportunity to millions of students to learn from the most renowned names from Ivy League colleges. Thrun and Norvig streamlined the process of MOOC by creating Udacity, a website which provides information about the upcoming courses, and allows students to sign up for them. Two more companies, Coursera and edX also started their operations in 2012, each offering free online courses from some of the most prestigious Universities of America.

Although the concept of MOOC looks absolutely fascinating, there are certain challenges that need to be addressed if it has to truly become the next big thing in the education sector. In the following paragraphs, we will understand the viewpoint of the opponents and proponents of MOOCs, and get a hang of its pros and cons.
Pros
Free
Student taking notes from internet
One of the most important factors for a lot of aspiring students is whether or not they can afford the high tuition fees required for embarking on a course. With MOOCs, all you need is a PC with an Internet connection. Most of the MOOCs don’t charge a single penny for their courses, although one may need to pay a small fee for getting the completion certificate.