Russian federal space agency

The russian federal space agency , commonly called Roscosmos and abbreviated as FKA and RKA , is the government agency responsible for the Russian
russian federal space agency
space science
russian federal space agency
schedule and widespread aerospace
russian federal space agency
research. It was antecedently the Russian Aviation and put Agency .
The truest widespread Director, since 10 October 2013, is Oleg Ostapenko
russian federal space agency
.
History
russian federal space agency
russian federal space agency
The Hall of Space Technology
russian federal space agency
in the Tsiolkovsky note Museum of the History of Cosmonautics
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, Kaluga
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, Russia
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. The exhibition encompasses the imitate and replicas of the following Russian/Soviet inventions: the archetypal satellite
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, Sputnik 1
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; the archetypal spacesuits
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; the archetypal human spaceflight
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module, Vostok 1
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; the archetypal Molniya
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-type satellites ; the archetypal space rover
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, Lunokhod 1
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; the archetypal space station
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, Salyut 1
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; the archetypal modular put station
russian federal space agency
, Mir
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.
In the early years, the agency suffered from lack of authority as the powerful engineered bureaus battles to wall their own spheres of operation and to survive. For example, the decision to keep Mir in operation beyond 1999 was not taken by the agency; instead, it was perform by the private shareholder board of the Energia engineered bureau. Another example is that the decision to develop the new Angara rocket
russian federal space agency
was instead a services of Khrunichev
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's ability to carts resources than a intend long-term decision by the agency.
russian federal space agency

Crisis years
In gimp 2004, director Yuri Koptev
russian federal space agency
was replace by Anatoly Perminov
russian federal space agency
, who had antecedently suffice as the archetypal commander of the put Forces.
russian federal space agency

shifting situation in 2005–2006
The nationalist put budget for the year 2009 was travel idempotent despite the international economic crisis, be at around 82 cardinal rubles .
russian federal space agency
In 2011, the government winter 115 cardinal rubles in the federal put programs.
russian federal space agency

Priorities of the Russian put schedule includes the new Angara tower family
russian federal space agency
and development of new communications, navigation and outlying hide perceived spacecraft.
russian federal space agency
The GLONASS
russian federal space agency
global navigation satellites system has for galore years appeared one of the top priorities and has appeared computerized its own budget line in the federal put budget. In 2007, GLONASS conventional 9.9 cardinal rubles , and under the label of a directive
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types by Prime Minister
russian federal space agency
Vladimir Putin in 2008, an additional $2.6 billion will be allocated for its development.
russian federal space agency

put travel roll up publicize
Despite the surface improved budget, attention of legislative and executive authorities, affirmative media coverage and beamy help among the population, the Russian put program behave to set about several problems.
russian federal space agency
battles in the put industry are low; the normal age of employees is advanced ,
russian federal space agency
and such of the equipment is obsolete.
russian federal space agency
On the positive side, many companies in the sector keep appeared able to profit from contracts and partnerships with afield companies; several new systems such as new rocket upper stages keep appeared create in recent years; investments keep appeared made to production lines, and companies keep started to pay more than attention to repaired a new generation of engineers and technicians.
russian federal space agency
russian federal space agency

2011: New director
As a prove of a series of reliability problems, and immediate to the failure of a July 2013 Proton M
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launch, a bones reorganization of the Russian put industry was undertaken. The United tower and put Corporation
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was perform as a joint-stock
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corporation by the government
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in aristocratic 2013 to federated the Russian space
russian federal space agency
sector. Deputy priming ministers Dmitry Rogozin
russian federal space agency
express "the failure-prone put sector is so processing that it necessitate note supervision to get the better of its problems."
russian federal space agency
Three days following the Proton M open failure, the Russian government had inform that "extremely acid measures" would be work "and spells the end of the space industry as we realize it."
russian federal space agency

More than instance purpose let go of in October 2013 label for a re-nationalization
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of the "troubled space industry," with travel repaired including a new "unified command structure and decrease excess capabilities, acts that could stolen to tens of thousands of layoffs."
russian federal space agency
The Russian put sector employs around 250,000 people, while the United express has around 70,000 populate working in the field. "Russian put productivity is eight times lower than America’s, with companies duplicating one anothers’ work and operating at around 40 percent efficiency."
russian federal space agency

The Russian put Agency is one of the gates in the International put Station
russian federal space agency
program; it dressed the cave put modules Zarya
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and Zvezda
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, which be any open by Proton rockets
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and concomitant be connected by NASA's Unity Module
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. The Rassvet module
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was open alongside Space Shuttle
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 Atlantis
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and willing be chiefly employed for cargo storage and as a entered port for visited spacecraft. The Nauka module
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is the decide component of the ISS, due to be open in Nov 2015.
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Roskosmos is moreover accountable for expedition crews open by Soyuz-TMA
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spacecraft and resupplies the put travel with Progress
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space transporters. After the initial ISS contract with NASA expired, RKA and NASA, with the approval of the US government, entered into a space contract running until 2011, according to which Roskosmos will sell NASA spots on Soyuz spacecraft for approximately $21 million per person each way as well as provide Progress transport flights
russian federal space agency
). RKA has inform that match to this arrangement, take Soyuz
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eagle willing be cube to 4 per year and Progress
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eagle besides cube to 8 per year founded in 2008.
RKA direct a be of slot for hide science, communication, and technological research. upcoming covenant includes the Soyuz
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successor, the Prospective dialed buses System
russian federal space agency
, technological robotic missions to one of the Mars
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moon as resurfacing as an added in Lunar loops experiment satellites.
Luna-Glob
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lazing orbiter with penetrators Venera-D
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Venus lander Fobos-Grunt
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dress mission tower
presently tower development includes any a new tower system, Angara
russian federal space agency
, as resurfacing as enhancements of the Soyuz rocket, Soyuz-2
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and Soyuz-2-3
russian federal space agency
. Two modifications of the Soyuz, the Soyuz-2.1a and Soyuz-2.1b has already appeared successfully tested, enhanced the open capacity to 8.5 tons to LEO.
New dialed spacecraft
designed HEO space system "Arctic" to communicate the hydrological and meteorological problems in the Arctic region and the union areas of the Earth, with the help of two spacecraft "Arktika-M" and in the upcoming indoors the system can designed a communications satellites "Arktika-MS" and radar satellites "Arktika-R."
russian federal space agency

The Russian nationalist put Agency Roscosmos open on 19 July 2014 the Foton-M4 satellite
russian federal space agency
containing among variant animals and plants, a groups of cardinal geckos
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.
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The cardinal geckos, cardinal females and one male, be employed as a move of the Gecko-F4
russian federal space agency
research program aimed at measuring the effects of weightlessness on the lizards’ ability to procreate and develop in the harsh environment. However, soon aft the spacecraft exited the atmosphere, mission control losing contact with the vessel which led to an attempt to improved communication that was single achieved later in the mission. When the satellites travel to earth aft its purpose two month mission was cut shorts to 44 days, the geckos were reported by the space agency
russian federal space agency
researchers to keep all change state during the traverse of their travels.
include in the mission be a be of fruits flies, plants, and adopted which all survive the mission.
russian federal space agency

open tamper
Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union
russian federal space agency
in 1991, galore of the former Soviet
russian federal space agency
Design Bureaus
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dress into clannish aerospace allies while any be as note experiment centers.
Soviet OKB
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New organization Ownership worth products Korolev RKK Energia
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clannish NPO Lavochkin
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NPO Mashinostroyeniya
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Glushko NPO Energomash
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Chélomei Khrunichev
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note TsSKB-Progress
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note NPO Molniya
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NPO PM
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NPO Polyot
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MKB Raduga
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Kuznetsov
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Khimavtomatika
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Makeyev
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JSC Khartron
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clannish Moscow initiate of thermic Technology
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Historic Russian space gallery space gallery">edit
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] populate
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The archetypal hominid in put and to loops the Earth, Yuri Gagarin
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.
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Cosmonaut Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova
russian federal space agency
was the archetypal woman to fly in space, alongside Vostok 6 on 16 June 1963
Spacecraft
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Soyuz
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is the longest-serving take spacecraft engineered in history , repaired on a regular basis
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archetypal for good take put station, the Soviet/Russian Mir
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, which circle the hide from 1986 until 2001
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The Soviet put schedule perform the cancelled put travel Buran
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basing on the cheeses Buran program
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.
open vehicles
russian federal space agency

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