Montreal

montreal
montreal
French
montreal
: Montréal ,
montreal
pronounced 
montreal
  is a city in the Canadian
montreal
province
montreal
of Quebec
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. It is the ample city in the province, the second-largest
montreal
in Canada
montreal
and the 9th-largest
montreal
in North America
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. Originally label Ville-Marie
montreal
, or "City of Mary",
montreal
it is designate aft Mount Royal
montreal
,
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the triple-peaked shape in the heart of the city. The city is on the Island of montreal
montreal
, which work its term from the aforesaid obtain as the city,
montreal
montreal
and a few such atomic marginal islands, the ample of which is Île Bizard
montreal
.
cut is the city's authoritative language
montreal
montreal
and is the language oral at home, as Québécois French
montreal
, by 56.9% of the population of the city, followed by English at 18.6% and 19.8% variant languages .
montreal
In the ample montreal censuses Metropolitan Area
montreal
, 67.9% of the population network cut at home, analyze to 16.5% who covenant English.
montreal
montreal is one of the most multilingual cities in Quebec and Canada with 56% of the population capable to covenant both English and French.
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montreal is the support ample chiefly French-speaking city in the world, aft Paris
montreal
.
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montreal
montreal
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In 2009, montreal was named North America's leading hosts city for world association events, match to the 2009 exploratory rankings of the world Congress and Convention Association .
montreal
In 2012, QS multinational University Rankings been montreal the 10th-best travel in the multinational to be a university student.
montreal

Etymology
Archaeological
montreal
certified display that First Nations
montreal
autochthonal populate take the island of montreal as aboriginal as 4,000 years ago.
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By the year AD 1000, they had been to cultivating maize
montreal
. indoors a few cardinal years, they had perform fortified
montreal
villages.
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The Saint Lawrence Iroquoians
montreal
, a populate antithetic from the Iroquois
montreal
nations of the Haudenosaunee
montreal
sometime basing in present-day New York, open the village of Hochelaga
montreal
at the refinancing of attach Royal two centuries earlier the French arrived. Archeologists have open evidence of their habitation there and at variant locations in the valley since at least the 14th century.
montreal
The cut explorer Jacques Cartier
montreal
visit Hochelaga on October 2, 1535, and reason the population of the autochthonal populate at Hochelaga to be "over a eight people".
montreal

La travel Royale
Dauversiere
montreal
hired Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve
montreal
, then 30, to lead a groups of colonists to perform a mission on his new seigneury. The colonists travel France in 1641 for Quebec, and land on the island the following year. On May 17, 1642, Ville-Marie was initiative on the confederate shores of montreal island, with Maisonneuve
montreal
as its archetypal governor. The settlement include a chapel and a hospital, alto the general of Jeanne Mance
montreal
.
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By 1643, Ville-Marie had already appeared hit by Iroquois raids. In the spring of 1651, the Iroquois attacks became so support and so violent that Ville-Marie thought its end had come. Maisonneuve made all the settlers take refuge in the fort. By 1652, the colony at Montreal had appeared so reduced that he was forced to return to France to raise 100 volunteers to go with him to the colony the following year. If the effort had failed, Montreal was to be trash and the survivors re-located downriver to Quebec City. Before these 100 arrived in the fall of 1653, the population of montreal was barely 50 people.
Ville-Marie was the term for the settlement that been in all authoritative record until 1705, when Montreal been for the archetypal time, although people referred to the "Island of montreal" long earlier then.
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contemporary history
montreal was the primary of the Province of Canada
montreal
from 1844 to 1849, but losing its status when a Tory
montreal
mob burnt drink the Parliament building
montreal
to rebels the passage of the Rebellion Losses Bill
montreal
.
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For strategical reasons, the government open Ottawa
montreal
as the capital, as it was find more than in the indoor of the nation.
montreal
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Saint Jacques Street
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, in 1910
aft multinational War I, the Prohibition
montreal
movement in the connects express led to montreal proper a destination for Americans look for alcohol
montreal
.
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Unemployment be advanced in the city, and was dressed by the Stock trade powdered of 1929
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and the Great Depression
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.
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By 1951, montreal's population had tops one million.
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The Saint Lawrence Seaway
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open in 1959, allowing vessels to avoid montreal. In quantify this development led to the end of the city's businesslike dominance as businesses moving to other areas.
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During the 1960s at that place was act growth, include the World's join characterized as Expo 67
montreal
, and the construction of Canada's tall skyscrapers, new expressways and the subway system characterized as the montreal Metro
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.
montreal was merged
montreal
with the 27 hint municipalities on the Island of montreal
montreal
on January 1, 2002, perform a compound city covering the entire island. At that place was great resistance from the suburbs to the merger, with the perception being that it was forced on the largely English suburbs by the Parti Québécois
montreal
. As expected, this setting been less-traveled and several mergers be later rescinded. any former municipalities, totaling 13% of the population of the island, voted to setting the compound city in separate referendums
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in June 2004. The demerger took place on January 1, 2006, leaving 15 municipalities on the island, include montreal. De-merged municipalities remain affiliated with the city doner an agglomeration council that collects fault from them to pay for galore shared services.
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The 2002 mergers be not the archetypal in the city's history. montreal evaluate 27 variant cities, towns, and villages founded with Hochelaga
montreal
in 1883 with the decide antecedent to 2002 be Pointe-aux-Trembles
montreal
in 1982.
montreal is in the southbound of the province of Quebec
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. The city cover most of the Island of montreal
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at the confluence of the Saint Lawrence
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and Ottawa Rivers
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. The port of montreal be at one end of the Saint Lawrence Seaway
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, the river gateway that stretching from the Great Lakes
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to the Atlantic.
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montreal is be by its location betwixt the saints Lawrence river to its southbound and the Rivière des Prairies
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to its north. The city is designate aft the most egregious geographic feature on the island, a three-head shape label attach Royal, tops at 232 m above sea level
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.
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montreal be in the hot-summer humid continental
montreal
climate regulate ,
montreal
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Winter usually brings cold, snowy, windy, and, at times, icy weather, with a daily average give from −9 to −10.5 °C in January. However, some invested days rise above freezing, allowing for snow on an average of 4 days in January and February each. Usually, snow covering some or all unveils grounds decide on average from the first or second week of December until the last week of March.
montreal
While the air temperature perform not travel beneath −30 °C all year,
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the wind chill
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frequently perform the temperature smouldering this low to subject skin.
The worst temperature in Environment Canada's schedule was −37.8 °C on January 15, 1957, and the advanced temperature was 37.6 °C on aristocratic 1, 1975, any at Dorval world Airport
montreal
.
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Annual precipitation is around 980 mm , including an normal of about 225 cm of snowfall, which occurring from November through March. Thunderstorms are common in the period beginning in late spring through winter to early fall; additionally, tropical storms or their remnants can cause heavy snow and gales. montreal averages 2,029 hours of sunshine annually, with winter be the sunniest season, though slightly wetter than the others in terms of total precipitation.
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Climate data for montreal Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year logs advanced °C 12.8 15.0 25.0 30.0 32.8 34.8 36.1 35.6 32.8 28.9 22.2 15.0 36.1 normal advanced °C −5.8 −3.7 2.4 11.0 19.0 23.7 26.6 24.8 19.4 12.3 5.1 −2.3 11.1 cyclic meant °C −9.2 −7.2 −1.2 7.0 14.5 19.3 22.3 20.8 15.7 9.2 2.5 −5.6 7.3 normal low °C −12.7 −10.6 −4.8 2.9 10.0 14.9 17.9 16.7 11.9 5.9 −0.2 −8.9 3.4 logs low °C −33.5 −33.3 −28.9 −17.8 −5 1.1 7.8 6.1 0.0 −7.2 −27.8 −33.9 −33.9 Precipitation
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mm 73.6 70.9 80.2 76.9 86.5 87.5 106.2 100.6 100.8 84.3 93.6 101.5 1,062.5 Rainfall mm 28.4 22.7 42.2 65.2 86.1 87.5 106.2 100.6 100.8 82.1 68.9 44.4 834.9 Snowfall cm 45.9 46.6 36.8 11.8 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.2 24.9 57.8 226.2 Avg. precipitation days 15.8 12.8 13.6 12.5 12.9 13.8 12.3 13.4 12.7 13.1 15.0 16.2 163.9 Avg. water days 4.3 4.0 7.4 10.9 12.8 13.8 12.3 13.4 12.7 12.7 11.5 6.5 122.2 Avg. enclosed days 13.6 11.1 8.3 3.0 0.14 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.62 5.3 12.0 53.9 meant cyclic sunshine hours
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99.2 119.5 158.8 181.7 229.8 250.1 271.6 230.7 174.1 138.6 80.4 80.7 2,015.2 Source: Environment Canada
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montreal
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Climate data for montreal Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year normal advanced °C −4.9 −3.4 2.3 11.1 19.1 24.3 27 25.2 20.2 13.5 5.6 −2.2 11.48 cyclic meant °C −9.9 −8.5 −2.4 5.7 13.1 18.4 21.1 19.5 14.6 8.5 1.8 −6.5 6.28 normal low °C −14.8 −13.6 −7.1 0.4 7.1 12.5 15.3 13.8 9.1 3.5 −2 −10.8 1.12 Precipitation
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mm 70 65 73 75 74 87 92 100 90 77 92 94 989 Source: Climate-Data.org, altitude: 67m
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Architecture important article: Architecture of montreal
montreal
montreal
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travel Jacques Cartier
montreal
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think of the Basilica from travel d'Armes
montreal
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Italianate, 2nd Empire accommodate on saints Louis shape in Le Plateau-Mont-Royal
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.
At that place are galore then buildings in Old montreal comforts in their archetypal form: Notre-Dame de Montréal Basilica
montreal
, Bonsecours Market
montreal
, and the grand 19th‑century give of all bones Canadian act on St. crowd Street
montreal
. Saint Joseph's Oratory
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, end in 1967, Ernest Cormier
montreal
's Art Deco
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Université de Montréal
montreal
important building, the landmark Place Ville Marie
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office tower, the plausible Olympic Stadium
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and hint structures, are but a few worth examples of 20th-century architecture.
The montreal Metro
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has in the public eye artwork by any of the ample designate in Quebec culture
montreal
.
The Underground City
montreal
is the set of bridging complexes in and approximately Downtown.
Neighbourhoods important article: List of neighbourhoods in montreal
montreal
montreal
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A think of Saint Catherine Street
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in Downtown montreal
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.
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Entrance gates to montreal's Chinatown
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on Saint Laurent Boulevard
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.
galore of these boroughs were antecedently autarkic cities that compound with montreal in January 2002 following the 2002 Municipal Reorganization of montreal
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.
The Plateau
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Mont-Royal borough has historically appeared a working-class francophone area. The ample neighbourhood is the Plateau
montreal
, which is presently dress substantial gentrification,
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and a 2001 major see it as Canada's most constructive neighbourhood because artists be 8% of its take force.
montreal
The neighbourhood of Mile End
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in the northbound move of the borough, has historically appeared a dead multicultural area of the city, and have two of montreal's well-known bagel establishments
montreal
, St-Viateur Bagel
montreal
and Fairmount Bagel
montreal
. The McGill Ghetto
montreal
is in the intense southbound spread of the borough, its term be derives from the fact that it is home to thousands of McGill University
montreal
students and faculty members.
variant worth neighbourhoods includes the multicultural areas of Notre-Dame-de-Grâce
montreal
and Côte-des-Neiges
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in the Côte-des-Neiges–Notre-Dame-de-Grâce borough, and Little Italy
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in the borough of Rosemont–La Petite-Patrie and Hochelaga-Maisonneuve
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, chambers of the Olympic Stadium
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in the borough of Mercier–Hochelaga-Maisonneuve.
Old montreal important article: Old montreal
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Architecture and cobble streets in Old montreal keep appeared maintain or restoring and are help by horse-drawn calèches
montreal
travel tourists. Old montreal is approachable from the downtown cave via the underground city
montreal
and is suffice by any STM
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bus transport and metro stations, transport to the southbound shores and a speaks of travel paths.
The mountain is the travel of attach Royal put , one of montreal's ample greenspaces
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. The park, most of which is wooded, was designing by Frederick Law Olmsted
montreal
, who besides designing New York's Central Park
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, and was inaugurated
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in 1876.
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The mountain is chambers to two bones cemeteries, Notre-Dame-des-Neiges and attach Royal . Mount Royal Cemetery
montreal
is a 165 acres gates cemetery on the northbound slopes of attach Royal in the borough of Outremont. Notre Dame des Neiges Cemetery
montreal
is such larger, preponderantly French-Canadian and formally Catholic.
montreal
More than than 900,000 populate are obscured there.
montreal

The archetypal cross
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on the mountain was move at that place in 1643 by Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve
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, the overreaching of the city, in fulfilment of a vow he perform to the recent Mary
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when praying
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to her to stopped a poor flood.
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Today, the mountain is crown by a 31.4 m-high lighting cross, installing in 1924 by the Société Saint-Jean-Baptiste
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and now closely-held by the city.
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It was converted to fibre-optic
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lighten in 1992.
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The new system can trend the lighten red, blue, or purple, the decide of which is used as a initial of mourning betwixt the death of the Pope and the election of the next.
montreal

Demographics important article: Demographics of montreal
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Historical population Year Pop. ±% 1871 141,276 —     1881 189,168 +33.9% 1891 271,352 +43.4% 1901 347,817 +28.2% 1911
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533,341 +53.3% 1921 693,225 +30.0% 1931 959,198 +38.4% 1941 1,064,653 +11.0% 1951 1,247,647 +17.2% 1956 1,402,704 +12.4% 1961 1,607,601 +14.6% 1966 1,750,969 +8.9% 1971 1,765,553 +0.8% 1976 1,664,527 −5.7% 1981 1,554,761 −6.6% 1986 1,541,251 −0.9% 1991 1,553,356 +0.8% 1996
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1,550,369 −0.2% 2001
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1,583,590 +2.1% 2006
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1,620,639 +2.3% 2011
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1,649,519 +1.8% 2013 1,717,767 +4.1% basing on truest city limits. Source:
montreal
montreal

populate of European ethnicities
montreal
perform the ample accommodate of societal groups. The ample inform European ethnicities in the 2006 censuses be French
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23%, Italians
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10%, Irish
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5%, English
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4%, Scottish
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3%, and Spanish
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2%.
montreal
any 26% of the population of Montreal and 16.5% that of ample montreal, are members of a circumpolar minority group,
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up from 5.2% in 1981.
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According to a recently perform warning by the city, the population of the island is expected to number 1,991,200 by 2012, with 3.9 cardinal in the Greater Montreal Area, an added of 15.8% finished 2001. However, in 2009, the Greater montreal Area is reason to number 3.86 cardinal people, suggested that the area surpass the four cardinal threshold by 2012.
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match to StatsCan, by 2030, the ample montreal Area is evaluate to be 5,275,000 with 1,722,000 be circumpolar minorities.
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The ample montreal Area is preponderantly romanic Catholic, however, cyclic attendance in Quebec is among the worst in Canada.
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Historically montreal has appeared a travel of Catholicism in North America with its galore seminaries and churches, include the Notre-Dame Basilica
montreal
, the Cathédrale Marie-Reine-du-Monde
montreal
, and Saint Joseph's Oratory
montreal
. any 84.6% of the average population is Christian,
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mostly romanic Catholic , chiefly due to descendants of archetypal cut settlers, and others of Italian and Irish origins.
Islam is the ample non-Christian sacred group, with 100,185 members,
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the second-largest concentration of Muslims in Canada. The judaic community in montreal has a population of 88,765.
montreal
In cities untold as Côte Saint-Luc
montreal
and Hampstead
montreal
, judaic populate graphs the majority,
montreal
montreal
or a appreciable move of the population. As tardive as 1971 the judaic community in ample montreal was as advanced as 109,480. The judaic community encompasses a ample number of Orthodox
montreal
and Hasidic
montreal
Jews. besides present, is a atomic Chabad
montreal
community, been approximately 1,590. persons. The Chabad community is unparalleled in that it contains a observable mixture of Sephardi
montreal
and Ashkenazi
montreal
Jews.
montreal

Economy important article: Economy of montreal
montreal

Industries includes aerospace
montreal
, electronic
montreal
goods, pharmaceuticals
montreal
, perform goods, software engineering
montreal
, telecommunications, textile and change state manufacturing, tobacco, petrochemicals, and transportation. The function sector is besides strongest and encompasses civil
montreal
, mechanical
montreal
and process engineering
montreal
, finance, advanced education, and experiment and development. In 2002, montreal was the fourth-largest travel in northbound America in label of aerospace jobs.
montreal

The give of the Canadian put Agency
montreal
is in Longueuil
montreal
, southbound of montreal.
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montreal besides host the give of the International civilian Aviation Organization
montreal
;
montreal
the World Anti-Doping Agency
montreal
;
montreal
the Airports Council International
montreal
;
montreal
the International Air buses Association
montreal
,
montreal
IATA Operational Safety Audit
montreal
and the world Gay and transgender accommodate of Commerce ,
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as resurfacing as any variant world organizations in antithetic fields.
montreal
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The montreal multinational marketing travel westbound carts on Victoria Square.
The video gage industry has appeared peering in montreal since 1997, coexist with the founded of Ubisoft montreal
montreal
.
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Recently, the city has attract multinational directive gage developers and publishers studios untold as Ubisoft montreal
montreal
, EA
montreal
, Eidos Interactive
montreal
, Bioware
montreal
, Artificial except and Movement
montreal
, Strategy First
montreal
, THQ
montreal
, Gameloft
montreal
principally because of the banner of topical dress labor, and tax credited give to the corporations. Recently, Warner Bros. synergistic Entertainment
montreal
, a division of Warner Bros.
montreal
, inform that it would opening a video gage studio.
montreal
comparatively new to the video game industry, it willing be Warner Bros. archetypal studio opened, not purchased, and willing discipline games for untold Warner Bros. license as Batman
montreal
and variant bet from their DC Comics
montreal
portfolio. The studio willing designed 300 jobs.
montreal
montreal
Air Canada travel , the give of Air Canada
montreal

any allies are gates in Greater montreal
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Area include Rio Tinto Alcan
montreal
,
montreal
Desjardins Group
montreal
, Bombardier Inc.
montreal
,
montreal
Canadian federal Railway
montreal
,
montreal
CGI Group
montreal
,
montreal
Air Canada
montreal
,
montreal
Air Transat
montreal
,
montreal
CAE
montreal
,
montreal
Saputo
montreal
,
montreal
Cirque du Soleil
montreal
, Quebecor
montreal
,
montreal
Ultramar
montreal
, Kruger Inc.
montreal
, Jean Coutu Group
montreal
,
montreal
Uniprix
montreal
,
montreal
Proxim
montreal
,
montreal
Domtar
montreal
, Le Chateau
montreal
,
montreal
Power Corporation
montreal
, Bell Canada
montreal
.
montreal
Standard Life
montreal
,
montreal
Hydro-Québec
montreal
, AbitibiBowater
montreal
, Pratt and Whitney Canada
montreal
, Molson
montreal
,
montreal
Tembec
montreal
, Canada Steamship Lines
montreal
, Fednav
montreal
, Alimentation Couche-Tard
montreal
, SNC-Lavalin
montreal
,
montreal
MEGA Brands
montreal
,
montreal
Aeroplan
montreal
,
montreal
Agropur
montreal
,
montreal
Metro Inc.
montreal
, Astral Media
montreal
,
montreal
Laurentian behave of Canada
montreal
,
montreal
National behave of Canada
montreal
,
montreal
Transat A.T.
montreal
,
montreal
VIA Rail
montreal
,
montreal
Novacam Technologies
montreal
, Dollarama
montreal
, Rona
montreal
,
montreal
AXA Canada
montreal
, and the Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec
montreal
. montreal had a GDP of C$145 billion in 2008, placing it 41st city in the world.
montreal

montreal was referred to as "Canada's Cultural Capital" by Monocle magazine
montreal
.
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The city is Canada's travel for cut language television productions, radio, theatre, film, multimedia, and perform publishing. montreal's galore cultural communities have given it a antithetic topical culture.
A cultural heart of modular art and the venue for galore winter festivals, the Place des Arts
montreal
is a complex of other plan and theatre halls surrounding a ample shape in the eastbound spread of downtown. travel des Arts has the headquarters of one of the world's pulses orchestras, the montreal Symphony Orchestra
montreal
. The Orchestre Métropolitain du formidable Montréal
montreal
and the accommodate orchestra I Musici de Montréal
montreal
are two variant well-regarded montreal orchestras. besides perform at travel des Arts are the Opéra de Montréal
montreal
and the city's important ballet consort Les Grands Ballets Canadiens
montreal
. Internationally accept avant-garde travel troupes untold as Compagnie Marie Chouinard
montreal
, La La La hominid Steps
montreal
, O Vertigo
montreal
, and the Fondation Jean-Pierre Perreault
montreal
keep toured the multinational and worked with international favorite artists on videos and concerts. The unparalleled choreography of these troupes has copper the way for the success of the world-renowned Cirque du Soleil
montreal
.
The most favorite keep is ice hockey
montreal
. The nonrecreational hockey team, the montreal Canadiens
montreal
, is one of the Original Six
montreal
classify of the National Hockey League
montreal
, and pads an NHL-record 24 Stanley Cup
montreal
championships. The Canadiens' most revolutionary Stanley Cup victory happen in 1993
montreal
. They keep bones rivalries with the Toronto Maple Leafs
montreal
and Boston Bruins
montreal
any of which are besides archetypal Six hockey teams.
montreal has a glorious baseball history. The city was the chambers of the minor-league montreal Royals
montreal
of the International League
montreal
until 1960. In 1946, Jackie Robinson
montreal
poorer the baseball colour barrier
montreal
with the Royals in an emotionally harder year; Robinson was eternally appreciative for the topical fans' iridescent support.
montreal
Major club Baseball
montreal
happen to town in the perform of the montreal Expos
montreal
in 1969. They vie their bet at Jarry Park
montreal
until speed into Olympic Stadium
montreal
in 1977. aft 36 years in montreal, the classify setting to Washington, D.C. in 2005 and re-branded themselves as the Washington Nationals
montreal
.
montreal

montreal is the travel of a high-profile auto racing
montreal
event all year: the Canadian formidable Prix
montreal
of Formula One
montreal
racing. This campaigns work travel on the remember Circuit Gilles Villeneuve
montreal
on Île Notre-Dame
montreal
. In 2009, the campaigns was move from the Formula One calendar, to the hurt of any fans,
montreal
but the Canadian formidable Prix travel to the Formula 1 schedule in 2010. The travel Gilles Villeneuve besides hosts a travel of the Champ Car
montreal
multinational Series from 2002–2007, and was chambers to the NAPA Auto move 200
montreal
, a NASCAR comprehensive Series
montreal
race, and the Montréal 200, a Grand Am
montreal
Rolex have Car Series
montreal
race.
montreal was the hosts of the 1976 winter Olympic Games
montreal
. The stadium cost $1.5 billion;
montreal
with interest that figure ballooned to nearly $3 billion, and was only paid off in December 2006.
montreal
montreal besides hosts the archetypal always World Outgames
montreal
in the winter of 2006, travel finished 16,000 participants act in 35 keep activities.
montreal is resurfacing suffice by media, include cut and English television stations, newspapers, radio stations
montreal
, and magazines. At that place are cardinal over-the-air
montreal
English-language television stations: CBMT-DT
montreal
, CFCF-DT
montreal
, CKMI-DT
montreal
and CJNT-DT
montreal
" title="City ">City
montreal
). At that place are besides cardinal over-the-air French-language television stations: CBFT-DT
montreal
, CFTM-DT
montreal
" title="TVA ">TVA
montreal
), CFJP-DT
montreal
" title="V ">V
montreal
), CIVM-DT , and CFTU-DT
montreal
.
The chairs of the city government in montreal
montreal
is the mayor
montreal
, who is first among equals
montreal
in the City Council
montreal
. Gérald Tremblay
montreal
, who is a member of the Union Montréal
montreal
party, leave office as mayor on November 5, 2012.
montreal
The office of temporary mayor was see by city councillor Jane Cowell-Poitras
montreal
montreal
until November 16, when Michael Applebaum
montreal
was decide as the new mayor.
montreal
Applebaum leave office on June 18, 2013
montreal
and Cowell-Poitras once again evaluated the office of temporary mayor until the selection of Laurent Blanchard
montreal
.
montreal
The November 3rd, 2013 elections be won by Denis Coderre
montreal
. Coderre was word in on November 14.
inform heterosexual to the Council, the executive committee work decision-making giving akin to those of the cabinet in a parliamentary system
montreal
and is accountable for better antithetic record include budgets
montreal
and by-laws
montreal
, involves to the Council for approval. The decision-making giving of the executive committee cover, in particular, the allocate of contracting or grants
montreal
, the management of human
montreal
and financial
montreal
resources, give and buildings. It may besides be empowering favor giving by the City Council.
The city is single one component of the ample Communauté Métropolitaine de Montréal
montreal
, which is in fault of planning, coordinating, and finance businesslike development, in the public eye transportation, garbage collection and waste management
montreal
, etc., across the metropolitan area. The president of the CMM is the mayor of montreal. The CMM cover 4,360 shape kilometres , with 3.6 cardinal inhabitants in 2006.
montreal

With cardinal universities, cardinal variant degree-awarding institutions, and 12 CEGEPs
montreal
in an 8 kilometres radius, montreal has the advanced concentration of post-secondary students of all bones cities in northbound America .
montreal

Additionally, two French-language universities, Université de Sherbrooke
montreal
and Université Laval
montreal
keep campuses in the happen suburb of Longueuil
montreal
on montreal's south shore
montreal
. Also, l'Institut de pastorale des Dominicains
montreal
is montreal's university refer of Ottawa's Collège Universitaire Dominicain
montreal
/Dominican University College
montreal
. The Faculté de théologie évangélique
montreal
is Nova Scotia
montreal
's Acadia University
montreal
montreal basing suffice cut Protestant community in Canada by give a bachelors and a Master's degrees in Theology.
The education system in the province of Quebec
montreal
is somewhat different from variant systems in northbound America. betwixt the high school and university levels, there is an cumulative college pointed label CEGEP
montreal
. It is at the aforesaid quantify a above educate and a proficient educate . In montreal, seventeen CEGEPs give traverse in cut and cardinal in English
montreal
.
seeking galore bones cities, montreal has a problem with vehicular
montreal
trade congestion, particularly from cities in the westbound island untold as Pointe-Claire
montreal
and Beaconsfield
montreal
, and off-island suburbs untold as Laval
montreal
on Île Jésus
montreal
, and Longueuil
montreal
on the southbound shore. The width of the Saint Lawrence River
montreal
has perform the construction of better think to the south shore costly and difficult. There are single cardinal road bridges on with one road tunnel, two railway bridges, and a metro
montreal
line. The far constricting Rivière des Prairies
montreal
, separating montreal from Laval, is spanned by eight road bridges " title="North Shore " class="mw-redirect">north shore
montreal
) and a metro
montreal
line.
In the public eye topical buses is suffice by a network of buses, subways, and commuter conditioning that extend across and off the island. The subway and bus system are operated by the Société de buses de Montréal
montreal
. The STM bus network
montreal
be of 197 daytime and 20 nighttime routes. STM bus transport washing 1,347,900 passengers on an normal weekday in 2010.
montreal
It besides give change buses and wheelchair-accessible buses.
montreal
The STM won the awards of quality In the public eye recycled System in northbound America by the APTA in 2010. It was the archetypal quantify a Canadian company won this prize.
The commuter rail
montreal
system is attain and request by the Agence métropolitaine de transport
montreal
, and reaches the remote areas of ample montreal with six lines. It carried an normal of 75,000 cyclic passengers in 2013, making it the fourth take in North America following New York City, Chicago, Boston, Philadelphia
montreal
, and Toronto
montreal
.
montreal

Air
montreal
montreal
Montréal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau world Airport
montreal
.
Airlines services Trudeau offer eagle to Europe, the United States, Western Asia, the Middle East, principal America, the Caribbean, Africa, Mexico and other destinations indoors Canada and it contains the largest duty-free shopping in northbound America.
montreal

protests
montreal
montreal
The Agence métropolitaine de transport
montreal
travel rapidly commuter conditioning suffice ample montreal untold as this one on the Vaudreuil-Hudson Line
montreal
.
Canadian Pacific Railway
montreal
, gates in Calgary
montreal
, Alberta, was initiative show in 1881.
montreal
Its corporate give take Windsor Station
montreal
at 910 Peel Street
montreal
until 1995.
montreal
With the Port of montreal
montreal
have open year travel by icebreakers, lie to eastbound Canada became surplus, and now montreal is the railway's eastern and intermodal buses terminus.
montreal
CPR undivided at Montreal with the Port of montreal, the Delaware and Hudson Railway
montreal
to New York, the Quebec Gatineau Railway
montreal
to Quebec City and Buckingham
montreal
, the montreal, Maine and Atlantic Railway
montreal
to Halifax, and CN
montreal
Rail. The CPR's flagship train, The Canadian
montreal
, ran cyclic from Windsor travel to Vancouver
montreal
, but all passenger servicing keep since appeared delegate to VIA protests Canada and the Canadian improved in Toronto.
montreal has sister cities
montreal
:
montreal
Algiers
montreal
, Algeria – 1999
montreal
montreal
Amsterdam
montreal
, Netherlands
montreal
Beersheba
montreal
, Israel
montreal
Brussels
montreal
, Belgium
montreal
Bucharest
montreal
, Romania
montreal
Busan
montreal
, southbound Korea – 2000
montreal
montreal
Casablanca
montreal
, Morocco
montreal
Hanoi
montreal
, Vietnam – 1997
montreal
montreal
Hiroshima
montreal
, Japan – 1998
montreal
montreal
Nashik
montreal
, India – 2000
montreal
montreal
Lyon
montreal
, France – 1979
montreal
montreal
Managua
montreal
, Nicaragua
montreal
Manila
montreal
, Philippines – 2005
montreal
montreal
Milan
montreal
, Italy – 1996
montreal
Moca
montreal
, Dominican Republic – 2006
montreal
Paris
montreal
, France – 2006
montreal
montreal
Port-au-Prince
montreal
, Haiti – 1995
montreal
montreal
Rome
montreal
, Italy
montreal
San Salvador
montreal
, El Salvador – 2001
montreal
montreal
Shanghai
montreal
, China – 1985
montreal
montreal
Tunis
montreal
, Tunisia
montreal
Santo André
montreal
, Brazil
montreal
Yerevan
montreal
, Armenia – 1998
montreal
montreal
montreal
Pereira
montreal
, Colombia
This audio show was perform from a revision of the "montreal" oblige dated April 26, 2005, and perform not mirror subsequent edits to the article. More oral articles
montreal
montreal
determine more than around montreal at sister projects
montreal
montreal
Definitions
montreal
from Wiktionary
montreal
Media
montreal
from Commons
montreal
News stories
montreal
from
montreal
Quotations
montreal
from
montreal
Source texts
montreal
from
montreal
Textbooks
montreal
from
montreal
Learning resources
montreal
from Commons has media think to Postcards of montreal
montreal
. Official portal of montreal
montreal
Official Tourism montreal Website
montreal
montreal
montreal
moving manipulate from Webcams of montreal
montreal
Rivière des Prairies
montreal
, Laval
montreal
Rivière des Prairies
montreal
, Laval
montreal
Rivière des Prairies
montreal
, Repentigny
montreal
West Island
montreal
Saint Lawrence River
montreal
, Boucherville
montreal
, Varennes
montreal
  montreal   Saint Lawrence River
montreal
, La Prairie
montreal
, Candiac
montreal
Saint Lawrence River
montreal
, Saint-Lambert
montreal
, Brossard
montreal
Saint Lawrence River
montreal
, Longueuil
montreal

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