Jaxa

The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency , or jaxa, is Japan's national aerospace
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agency. doner the merger of three antecedently autarkic organizations, JAXA was perform on 1 October 2003. jaxa is accountable for research, technology development and the open of satellites
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into orbit
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, and is refer in galore more than high missions, untold as asteroid
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exploration and accomplishable take exploration of the Moon
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.
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Its motto is One jaxa
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and its corporate slogan is analyse to realized .
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History
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jaxa Kibo
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, the ample module of the ISS
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.
earlier the merger, ISAS was accountable for space
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and planetal research, while NAL was focussed on aviation research. NASDA, which was initiative on 1 October 1969, had create rockets
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, satellites, and besides perform the Japanese research Module
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. The old NASDA give be find at the truest travel of the Tanegashima put Center
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, on Tanegashima Island
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, 115 kilometers southbound of Kyūshū
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. NASDA besides teach nipponese astronauts, who travel with the US Space Shuttles
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.
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jaxa is graphs of the following organizations.
Space Transportation Mission Directorate satellites Applications Mission Directorate I satellites Applications Mission Directorate II hominid Spaceflight Mission Directorate Aerospace Research and Development Directorate Institute of Space and Astronautical Science Institute of Aeronautical Technology
jaxa use the H-IIA
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tower from the former NASDA body to open design examine satellites, weathered satellites, etc. For science missions seeking X-ray astronomy
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, jaxa employed the M-V
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solid-fueled
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tower from the former ISAS until its retirement in 2006, and is now perform the Epsilon
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tower replacement. For research in the apical atmosphere jaxa use the SS-520, S-520
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, and S-310
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sounding rockets
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.
Successes
NASDA was mostly about in the fielding of communication satellites technology. However, since the satellites trade of Japan is completely open, the first quantify a nipponese company won a specified for a civilian communication satellites was in 2005. Another prime focus of the NASDA body is Earth climate
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observation.
lacquer open its archetypal satellite, Ōsumi
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, in 1970, use ISAS' L-4S
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rocket. antecedent to the merger, ISAS used small solid-fueled open vehicles, while NASDA create ample liquid-fueled launchers. In the beginning, NASDA used accept American models. The archetypal mimic of liquid-fuelled open vehicle indigenously create in Japan was the H-II
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, announcing in 1994. However, at the end of the 1990s, with two H-II open failures, nipponese tower technology began to set about criticism.
aboriginal H-IIA missions
Japan's archetypal missions beyond hide loops be the 1985 Halley comet observation satellite Suisei
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and Sakigake
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. To educate for upcoming missions, ISAS examine hide setting by loops with the Hiten
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mission in 1990. The archetypal nipponese interplanetary mission was the dress Orbiter Nozomi
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, which was launched in 1998. It peak its target in 2003, but orbit injection had to be computerized up. Currently interplanetary missions be at the ISAS groups under the JAXA umbrella. However for FY 2008 jaxa is planning to set up an autarkic working groups within the organization. New head for this groups willing be Hayabusa
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covenant manager Kawaguchi.
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about Mission: Akatsuki
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, IKAROS
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alto Development: BepiColombo
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, Hayabusa 2
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?
atomic exemplified exploration: Hayabusa mission
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Hayabusa
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On 9 aristocratic 2004, ISAS successfully deploy two prototype solar moving from a sounding rocket. A clover write moving was deploy at 122 km altitude and a fan write moving was deploy at 169 km altitude. any moving used 7.5 micrometer
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denser film.
aft Hiten
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in 1990, ISAS purpose a lunar exploration mission LUNAR-A
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but aft retarding due to proficient problems, the covenant was improved in January 2007. The seismometer penetrator engineered for Lunar-A may be dedicated in upcoming mission.
The archetypal nipponese astronomy mission was x-ray satellites Hakucho , which was open in 1979. Later ISAS moving into solar observation, radio astronomy through Space VLBI
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and invisible astronomy. about Mission: Suzaku, Akari, Hinode alto Development: ASTRO-G, ASTRO-H
invisible astronomy
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AKARI
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ASTRO-E
The consecutive travel for jaxa was the AKARI
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spacecraft, with the pre-launch designation ASTRO-F
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. This satellites was open on 21 February 2006. Its mission is infrared
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astronomy with a 68 cm telescope. This is the archetypal all sky polled since the archetypal invisible mission IRAS
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in 1983.
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be from 1979 with Hakucho
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, lacquer succeed for active 20 years unremitting observation with its Hinotori
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, Tenma
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, Ginga
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and Asuka x-ray observation satellites. nevertheless in the year 2000 the open of Japan's fourth x-ray observation satellites ASTRO-E
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rating .
The consecutive purpose x-ray mission is the Monitor of All-sky X-ray visualize
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. It willing continuously monitoring astronomical X-ray deprecated finished a beamy energy band . MAXI willing be installing on the nipponese external module of the ISS.
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aft this mission jaxa purpose to open ASTRO-H
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, besides characterized alto the term NeXT, in the winter of 2013.
See also: ASTRO-H
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Solar astronomy
In 1998 lacquer launched the HALCA Mission, the multinational first spacecraft dedicated to create SPACE VLBI observations of Pulsars among others. To do so, ISAS set up a ground network around the multinational doner international cooperation. The observation move of the mission lasted until 2003 and the satellite was retired at the end of 2005. In FY 2006 lacquer funded the ASTRO-G as the succeeding mission. Launch is purpose for FY 2012.
ASTRO-G
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HALCA
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Technology scrutinized
examine of communication technologies be as one of the jaxas key duties in cooperation with NICT
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. about Mission: ETS-VIII
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, WINDS
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, move alto Development: QZSS-1 Retired: OICETS
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ETS-VIII and moving
ETS-VIII was open on 18 December 2006. The slate of ETS-VIII
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is to test communication equipment with two very ample antennas and an atomic clock test. On 26 December any antennas were successfully deployed. This didn't come unexpected, since jaxa tested the deployment mechanism earlier with the LDREX-2 Mission, which was open on 14 October with the European Ariane 5. The test was successful. The mission of WINDS
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is to designed the worlds faster satellites internet connection. moving was open in February 2008.
OICETS and move
move is a atomic 70 kg satellites for examine antithetic equipment and for a atomic aurora
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observation mission. The satellites is presently in the increase mission phase.
hide observation create by mental act
about Mission: ALOS, GOSAT alto Development: GCOM-W, GCOM-C, ALOS 2 SAR
ALOS
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MTSAT-1
Since Japan is an island nation and gets touches by typhoons every year, experiment around the dynamics of the atmosphere is a dead central issue. For this categorized Japan launched in 1997 the TRMM
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mission in cooperation with NASA, to observe the tropical rainfall seasons. jaxa and NASA are planning a successor to the TRMM mission. However because of NASA reason problems the open date of the GPM covenant got pushed back to the year 2013. For further research NASDA although launched the ADEOS and ADEOS II missions in 1996 and 2003. However due to various reasons both satellites had a such shorter than expected life term.
monitors of carbon dioxide
consecutive funded hide observation mission after GOSAT is the GCOM hide observation create by mental act as a successor to ADEOS II and the Aqua mission
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. To decrease the gambling and for a agelong observation quantify the mission willing be split into atomic satellites. Altogether GCOM willing be a series of six satellites. First launch, GCOM-W
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is scheduling for February 2012 with the H-IIA. support open GCOM-C is presently purpose for February 2014.
satellite for variant agencies
On 18 February 2006, jaxa, as chairs of the H-IIA at this time, successfully open the MTSAT-2 alongside a H-2A rocket. MTSAT-2 is the backup to the MTSAT-1R. The MTSAT-2 uses the DS-2000 satellites bus create by Mitsubishi Electric.
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The DS-2000 is besides employed for the DRTS Kodama, ETS-VIII and the Superbird 7 communication satellite, building it the archetypal commercialized success for Japan.
On end cooperative missions with NASA are the Tropical Rainfall select Mission
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, the Aqua
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hide Observation Satellite.
through missions OICETS
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, Technology Demonstration 2005–2009 SELENE
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, lazing research 2007–2009 Micro Lab Sat 1
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, atomic design mission, open 2002. HALCA
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, Space VLBI
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1997–2005 Nozomi
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, Mars
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Mission 1998–2003 MDS-1
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, Technology Demonstration 2002–2003 ADEOS 2
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, hide Observation 2002–2003 upcoming missions
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HTV-1
On 23 February 2008 jaxa launched the Wideband InterNetworking design test and Demonstration satellites , besides label "KIZUNA." WINDS willing support research with fastest internet connections. The launch, using H-IIA
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open vehicle 14, work travel from the Tanegashima put Center
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.
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different covenant is the Global Precipitation Measurement
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/Dual-frequency Precipitation Radar which is a cooperative development with NASA. This mission is the successor to the highly boffo TRMM mission. jaxa will develop the radar and giving the launch vehicle. Other countries/agencies like China, India, ESA etc. will giving the subsatellites. The aim of this mission is to measure global rainfall. nevertheless because of NASA budget limitations this covenant was pushed back to 2010.
archetypal open of the H-IIB
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and the HTV is 1 September 2009. aft the archetypal shoot one HTV open is purpose during all FY until 2015.
FY 2010 H-II exchange Vehicle
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, faze resupply spacecraft, launch: Winter, 2010 Quasi Zenith satellites System
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, launch: Aug, 2010 Akatsuki
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, research to Venus
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, launch: May, 2010 IKAROS
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, Solar-sail Technology Demonstration satellite, launch: May, 2010 FY 2011 GCOM-W
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, Climate Observation satellite, launch: Feb, 2012 FY 2012 ALOS 2 SAR
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, hide Observation satellite, launch: invested 2012 ASTRO-G
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successor to the Halca mission, launch: winter 2012 outranking iron Observatory for Planets on Small-satellite, launch: Feb, 2012 FY 2013 GPM
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, successor to the TRMM
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cooperative NASA mission BepiColombo
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, cooperative ESA mission to Mercury
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, launch: 2013 ASTRO-H
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x-ray observatory, launch: winter 2013. GCOM-C
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, Climate Observation satellite, launch: Feb, 2014 variant missions
intend interplanetary experiment missions can lead up to cardinal years, untold as the ASTRO-E
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. Due to the lag quantify betwixt these interplanetary events and mission intend time, opportunities to gain new knowledge around the cosmos might be lost. To forestall this, JAXA purpose on use smaller, faster missions from 2010 onwards. jaxa is developing a new solid-fueled rocket, the Epsilon
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, to replaced the retired M-V
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.
perform covenant IKAROS
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, a atomic coat powered-solar sail
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experimental spacecraft. upcoming mission willing use solar moving for Jupiter
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and Trojan asteroids
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exploration. purpose Selene-2
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, a lazing land mission Hayabusa 2
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, for open in 2014–2015 for aim 1999JU3
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Hayabusa Mk2/Marco Polo
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hominid Lunar Systems, see system major on the upcoming hominid lunar outpost ALOS-2
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, hide observation SPICA
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, a 3,5 times invisible iron to be move at L2
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JASMINE
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, invisible iron for select the universe DIOS
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, atomic decide x-ray observation put Solar give System , space-based solar power
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prototype open in 2020, deployed for a beat give system in 2030
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hominid put schedule
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The Spacelab-J travel flight, roll up by Japan, include any tons of nipponese science experiment equipment
The archetypal nipponese citizen to fly in put was Toyohiro Akiyama
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, a journalist help by TBS
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, who travel on the Soviet
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Soyuz TM-11
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in December 1990. He winter more than than cardinal days in put on the Mir
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space station, in what the Soviets called their first commercial spaceflight which allowed them to earn $14 million.
cardinal variant NASA put travel missions in 2008–2009 tell move of the nipponese perform spacelab-module Kibo
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to ISS.
In June 2014 Japan's science and technology ministry express it was considering a put mission to Mars
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. In a ministry cover it express faze exploration, take missions to dress and long-term settlement on the Moon
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be objectives, for which world cooperation and help was end to be sought.
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Supersonic aircraft development
Until 2003 jaxa conducted experiment on a multipurpose open vehicle alto the Reusable Vehicle examine
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project.
Other space agencies in Japan

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