Indian space research organisation

Coordinates
indian space research organisation
: 12°58′0″N 77°34′0″E / 12.96667°N 77.56667°E / 12.96667; 77.56667
indian space research organisation

Indian put experiment Organisation भारतीय अंतरिक्ष अनुसंधान संगठन
indian space research organisation
Acronym ISRO subjective India open 15 August 1969  give Bangalore
indian space research organisation
, India Primary spaceport
indian space research organisation
Satish Dhawan put Centre
indian space research organisation
, Sriharikota
indian space research organisation
Motto put Technology in the function of hominid kinder Administrator Dr. K. Radhakrishnan
indian space research organisation
, chairs reason
indian space research organisation
6792 crore
indian space research organisation
indian space research organisation
indian space research organisation
Website www.isro.gov.in
indian space research organisation

open in 1969, ISRO attain the then Indian federal Committee for put experiment
indian space research organisation
, hence exchange put activities in India.
indian space research organisation

On 22 October 2008, ISRO travel its archetypal mission to the Moon
indian space research organisation
, Chandrayaan-1
indian space research organisation
. On 5 November 2013, ISRO open its Mars Orbiter Mission
indian space research organisation
, which successfully entering the Mars
indian space research organisation
loops on 24 September 2014, building India the archetypal nation to attain on its founded attempt, and ISRO the first asiatic put agency
indian space research organisation
to peak dress orbit.
indian space research organisation
upcoming purpose includes development of GSLV Mk III
indian space research organisation
, development of a reusable open vehicle
indian space research organisation
, human spaceflight
indian space research organisation
, further lunar exploration
indian space research organisation
, interplanetary probes, a satellites to major the Sun
indian space research organisation
, etc.
indian space research organisation

restrict 1 creative years
indian space research organisation
2 Goals and objectives
indian space research organisation
3 open vehicle fleet
indian space research organisation
3.1 satellites open Vehicle
indian space research organisation
3.2 added satellites open Vehicle
indian space research organisation
3.3 be satellites open Vehicle
indian space research organisation
3.4 better satellites open Vehicle
indian space research organisation
3.4.1 better satellites open Vehicle Mark-III
indian space research organisation
4 hide observation and communication satellites
indian space research organisation
4.1 The INSAT series
indian space research organisation
4.2 The IRS series
indian space research organisation
4.3 Radar visualize Satellites
indian space research organisation
4.4 variant satellites
indian space research organisation
5 satellites navigation
indian space research organisation
5.1 GAGAN
indian space research organisation
5.2 The IRNSS series
indian space research organisation
6 hominid spaceflight programme
indian space research organisation
6.1 Technology demonstration
indian space research organisation
6.2 Astronaut lectures and variant facilities
indian space research organisation
6.3 Development of crews vehicle
indian space research organisation
7 planetal sciences and astronomy
indian space research organisation
8 Extraterrestrial exploration
indian space research organisation
8.1 archetypal mission to the Moon: Chandrayaan-1
indian space research organisation
8.2 dress Orbiter Mission
indian space research organisation
9 Facilities
indian space research organisation
9.1 experiment facilities
indian space research organisation
9.2 examine facilities
indian space research organisation
9.3 Construction and open facilities
indian space research organisation
9.4 Bring in and tamper facilities
indian space research organisation
9.5 hominid resource development
indian space research organisation
9.6 commercialized moving
indian space research organisation
9.7 variant facilities
indian space research organisation
10 upcoming projects
indian space research organisation
10.1 upcoming open vehicles
indian space research organisation
10.1.1 GSLV-Mk III
indian space research organisation
10.1.2 multipurpose open Vehicle-Technology Demonstrator
indian space research organisation
10.2 Extraterrestrial exploration
indian space research organisation
10.2.1 Chandrayaan-2
indian space research organisation
10.2.2 Venus exploration
indian space research organisation
10.2.3 Solar exploration programme
indian space research organisation
10.3 put science missions
indian space research organisation
11 Applications
indian space research organisation
11.1 Telecommunication
indian space research organisation
11.2 Resource management
indian space research organisation
11.3 Military
indian space research organisation
11.4 Academic
indian space research organisation
11.5 Telemedicine
indian space research organisation
11.6 Biodiversity Information System
indian space research organisation
11.7 Cartography
indian space research organisation
12 world co-operation
indian space research organisation
12.1 afield satellite with masses of 100 kg or more than open by ISRO
indian space research organisation
13 See also
indian space research organisation
14 Notes
indian space research organisation
15 References
indian space research organisation
16 favor reading
indian space research organisation
17 outermost links
indian space research organisation

contemporary put experiment in India is most visibly investigates to the 1920s, when the scientist S. K. Mitra
indian space research organisation
conducted a series of research directive to the sound of the ionosphere
indian space research organisation
by application of grounds basing covenant methods in Calcutta
indian space research organisation
.
indian space research organisation
Later, Indian scientists seeking C.V. Raman
indian space research organisation
and Meghnad Saha
indian space research organisation
dressed to technological principles pertinent in put sciences.
indian space research organisation
However, it was the period aft 1945 which saw central developments be perform in packing put experiment in India.
indian space research organisation
packing put experiment in India was chairs by two scientists: Vikram Sarabhai—founder of the Physical experiment Laboratory
indian space research organisation
at Ahmedabad
indian space research organisation
—and Homi Bhabha
indian space research organisation
, who open the Tata initiate of important Research
indian space research organisation
in 1945.
indian space research organisation
initials research in put sciences include the major of cosmic radiation
indian space research organisation
, advanced altitude and unsettled examine of instruments, dense undersea experimentation at the Kolar mines
indian space research organisation
—one of the heavier commercialize travel in the multinational – and analyse of the upper atmosphere
indian space research organisation
.
indian space research organisation
analyse be travel out at experiment laboratories, universities, and autarkic locations.
indian space research organisation
indian space research organisation

The Indian federal Committee for put experiment INCOSPAR
indian space research organisation
was set up in 1962 by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
indian space research organisation
, the 1st priming ministers of the Indian Government
indian space research organisation
indian space research organisation
alto Dr. Vikram Sarabhai
indian space research organisation
as its chairs to supposed the Indian put Programme. INCOSPAR finally develop into ISRO in 1969.
indian space research organisation

The priming clinical of Indian put experiment organisation is to develop put technology and its application to antithetic federal tasks.
indian space research organisation
The Indian put create by mental act was operate by the vision of Dr Vikram Sarabhai
indian space research organisation
, considered the forms of Indian put Programme.
indian space research organisation
As he express in 1969: any China and India are ample countries,
“ There are some who questioned the relevance of space activities in a developing nation. To us, there is no ambiguity of purpose. We do not keep the imagine of plays with the economically high nations in the exploration of the lazing or the planets or take space-flight. But we are convinced that if we are to play a meaningful role nationally, and in the community of nations, we essential be second to none in the application of high technologies to the real problems of man and society.
indian space research organisation

India's businesslike develop has perform its put create by mental act more than circumpolar and about as the country put for ample self-reliance in put technology.
indian space research organisation
Hennock etc. retain that India besides undivided space exploration to national prestige, favor stating: "This year India has open 11 satellites, including cardinal from variant countries—and it became the first nation to launch 10 satellites on one rocket."
indian space research organisation
ISRO has successfully put into operation two major satellites systems viz. Indian National Satellites for communication servicing and Indian Remote Sensing satellites for management of natural resources. ISRO has also developed the PSLV for launching IRS write of satellites and GSLV for launching INSAT write of satellites.
During the 1960s and 1970s, India initiated its own launch vehicle programme owing to geopolitical and economic considerations. In the 1960s–1970s, the country successfully create a sound tower programme, and by the 1980s, experiment had yielded the Satellite open Vehicle-3 and the more than advanced Augmented satellites open Vehicle
indian space research organisation
, accomplish with operational support infrastructure.
indian space research organisation
ISRO favor use its energies to the advancement of open vehicle technology resulting in the creation of PSLV and GSLV technologies.
Satellite Launch Vehicle ">edit
indian space research organisation
] important article: Satellite open Vehicle
indian space research organisation
Status: known
The Augmented satellites Launch Vehicle, normally characterized by its abbreviation ASLV was a 5-stage nice dynamic tower with the capability of setting a 150 kg satellite into LEO
indian space research organisation
. This project was started by the ISRO during the early 1980s to develop technologies necessitate for a payload to be move into a better orbit. Its design was basing on satellites open Vehicle.
indian space research organisation
The archetypal open examine was see in 1987, and aft that 3 others followed in 1988, 1992 and 1994, out of which only 2 be successful, earlier it was decommissioned.
indian space research organisation

Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle ">edit
indian space research organisation
]
indian space research organisation
indian space research organisation
PSLV-C8 travel the intelligent x-ray and γ-ray astronomic satellites of the Italian put Agency
indian space research organisation
setting off from the SDSC, Sriharikota
indian space research organisation
. important article: PSLV
indian space research organisation
Status: about
The Geosynchronous Satellite open Vehicle, normally characterized by its abbreviation GSLV, is an consumable open system create to change India to open its INSAT
indian space research organisation
-type satellites into geostationary loops and to forms India fewer babelike on afield rockets. At present, it is ISRO's second-heaviest satellites open vehicle and is competent of putting a total payload of up to 5 tons to Low hide Orbit
indian space research organisation
. The vehicle is built by India with the cryogenic engine obtaining from Russia while the ISRO develops its own engine programme.
On 5 January 2014, GSLV-D5 successfully launched GSAT-14 into intended orbit. This also marked first successful shoot use autochthonal cryogenic engine, building India the sixth country in the world to keep this technology.
indian space research organisation
indian space research organisation

Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark-III ">edit
indian space research organisation
]
indian space research organisation
indian space research organisation
archetypal examine open of GSLV Mk III, with an unhumanned crews module. important article: GSLV III
indian space research organisation
Status: about
On 18th December 2014, ISRO successfully conducted an experimental test-flight of GSLV MK III travel a crew module, to be employed in upcoming manned put missions.
indian space research organisation
This suborbital examine shoot display the performance of GSLV Mk III in the atmosphere.
indian space research organisation

hide observation and communication satellite
indian space research organisation
indian space research organisation
INSAT-1B.
INSAT is a series of multipurpose better satellites launched by ISRO to please the telecommunications, broadcasting, meteorology and search-and-rescue necessitate of India. wired in 1983, INSAT is the largest domestic communication system in the Asia-Pacific Region. It is a cooperative ventures of the Department of Space, Department of Telecommunications, India meteorologic Department
indian space research organisation
, All India Radio
indian space research organisation
and Doordarshan
indian space research organisation
. The widespread coordination and management of INSAT system been with the Secretary-level INSAT Coordination Committee.
The IRS series important article: Indian outlying perceived satellite
indian space research organisation

ISRO presently direct two Radar visualize Satellites
indian space research organisation
. RISAT-1
indian space research organisation
was open from Sriharikota Spaceport on 26 April 2012 on board a PSLV.RISAT-1 carries a C-band arranged Aperture Radar payload, candid in a multi-polarisation and multi-resolution mode and can giving images with coarse, schedule and advanced spatial resolutions.
indian space research organisation
India besides direct RISAT-2
indian space research organisation
which was launched in 2009 and acquired from Israel at a cost $110 million.
indian space research organisation

variant satellite
ISRO has besides successfully open the Indo-French satellites SARAL
indian space research organisation
on 25 February 2013, 12:31 UTC. SARAL is a collaborative altimetry technology mission. It is being used for monitoring the oceans well and sea-levels. AltiKa will decide ocean well topography with an accuracy of 8 mm, against 2.5 cm on normal using current-generation altimeters, and with a spacial resolution of 2 km.
indian space research organisation
indian space research organisation

The Ministry of Civil Aviation has decide to implement an indigenous Satellite-Based Regional GPS Augmentation System also known as Space-Based Augmentation System as part of the Satellite-Based Communications, Navigation and Surveillance /Air trade Management scheduling for civil aviation. The Indian SBAS system has been given an acronym GAGAN – GPS help GEO Augmented Navigation. A national scheduling for satellite navigation including implementation of Technology Demonstration System over the Indian air space as a proof of concept has been prepared jointly by Airports Authority of India and ISRO. TDS was successfully completed during 2007 by installing eight Indian Reference Stations at eight Indian airports and linked to the Master Control Centre located near Bengaluru
indian space research organisation
.
IRNSS is an independent regional navigation satellites system being create by India. It is designed to giving accurate deployed information service to users in India as resurfacing as the region extending up to 1500 km from its boundary, which is its primary service area. IRNSS willing giving two types of services, namely, modular Positioning Service and Restricted Service and is expected to giving a deployed accuracy of better than 20 m in the primary service area.
indian space research organisation
It is an liberate regional satellite navigation system being create by Indian put Research Organisation which would be under total control of Indian government. The requirement of untold a navigation system is driven by the fact that access to international Navigation Satellite Systems like GPS
indian space research organisation
are not guarantees in opponent situations. ISRO purpose to open the constellation of satellite betwixt 2012 and 2014.
On 4 April 2014, at 17:14 Hrs IST ISRO has launched IRNSS-1B from Sriharikota, its second of cardinal IRNSS series. aft 19 mins of open PSLV-C24 was successfully oversaw into its orbit.
indian space research organisation

hominid spaceflight create by mental act
indian space research organisation
indian space research organisation
Indian Navy
indian space research organisation
Frogmen
indian space research organisation
obtaining the SRE-1
indian space research organisation
important article: Indian hominid spaceflight programme
indian space research organisation

The Space shrouded Recovery Experiment
indian space research organisation
indian space research organisation
is an experimental Indian spacecraft which was open use the PSLV
indian space research organisation
C7 rocket, on with cardinal other satellites. It be in loops for 12 days earlier re-entering the Earth's atmosphere and scatter drink into the Bay of Bengal.
indian space research organisation
The SRE-1 was designing to demonstrate the capability to access an loops space capsule, and the technology for performing research in the microgravity conditions of an loops platform. It was also intended to test thermal protection, navigation, guidance, control, deceleration and flotation systems, as well as study hypersonic aero-thermodynamics, management of communication blackouts, and recovery operations. ISRO also plans to launch SRE-2 and SRE-3 in the happen upcoming to test advanced re-entry technology for upcoming take missions.
indian space research organisation

Astronaut lectures and variant facilities
The Indian Space experiment Organisation is working towards a founded manned Indian space mission vehicle that can carry cardinal astronauts for cardinal days in a happen earth orbit. The Indian manned spacecraft temporarily designate as Orbital Vehicle
indian space research organisation
intends to be the basis of autochthonal Indian human spaceflight programme. The capsule will be designed to carry three people, and a planned upgraded version will be equipped with a accommodate and docking capability. In its founded take mission, ISRO's largely autonomous 3-ton capsule will orbit the Earth at 400 km in altitude for up to cardinal days with a two-person crews on board. The crews vehicle would launch atop of ISRO's GSLV Mk II
indian space research organisation
, presently alto development. The GSLV Mk II have an indigenously create cryogenic upper-stage engine.
indian space research organisation
The archetypal examine of the cryogenic engine, see on 15 April 2010, rating as the cryogenic phasing did not perform as expected and rocket turn from the purpose trajectory.
indian space research organisation
nevertheless the support examine of the autochthonal cryogenic engine was boffo on 5 January 2014.
indian space research organisation

planetal sciences and astronomy
With the advent of the Indian put programme, emphasis was laid on indigenous, self-reliant and state-of-the-art development of technology for immediate practical applications in the handle of put science research activities in the country.
The setting of auxiliary particles and X-ray
indian space research organisation
and gamma-rays of atmospheric origin produced by the interaction of the cosmic rays is very low. This low background, in the presence of which one has to observe the feeble signal from cosmic obtain is a major prefer in conducting ambitious X-ray observations from India. The second prefer is that many bright obtain seeking Cyg X-1
indian space research organisation
, Crab Nebula
indian space research organisation
, Scorpius X-1
indian space research organisation
and Galactic travel obtain are obtrusive from Hyderabad due to their favorable declination. With these considerations, an X-ray astronomy
indian space research organisation
groups was perform at TIFR in 1967 and development of an equip with an orientable X-ray telescope
indian space research organisation
for ambitious X-ray observations was undertaken. The first seaplane flight with the new equip was perform on 28 April 1968 in which observations of Scorpius X-1 were successfully carried out. In a succession of seaplane eagle perform with this equip between 1968 and 1974 a number of binary X-ray sources including Scorpius X-1, Cyg X-1
indian space research organisation
, Her X-1
indian space research organisation
etc. and the diffuse cosmic X-ray background
indian space research organisation
be studied. galore new and astrophysically central ensue be obtaining from these observations.
indian space research organisation

ISRO had a largely boffo lazing mission from 2008 to 2009. A mission to dress been in 2013 and willing decide till 2015.
archetypal mission to the Moon: Chandrayaan-1
indian space research organisation
indian space research organisation
mimic of the Chandrayaan-1
indian space research organisation
spacecraft.
The Mars Orbiter Mission
indian space research organisation
, informally characterized as 'Mangalayaan' was open into hide loops on 5 November 2013 by the Indian put experiment Organisation
indian space research organisation
and has entering Mars
indian space research organisation
loops on 24 September 2014.
indian space research organisation
India is the first country to enter Mars orbit in first attempt. It was completed at a record cost of $74 million.
indian space research organisation

The spacecraft had a open masses of 1,337 kg , with 15 kg of cardinal technological wired as payload.
Facilities
ISRO purpose to launch a be of new-generation Earth Observation satellite in the near future. It willing also undertake the development of new launch vehicles and spacecraft. ISRO has word that it willing send unmanned missions to Mars and Near-Earth Objects. ISRO has planned 58 missions during 2012–17; 33 satellites missions in consecutive two years and 25 launch vehicles missions thereafter, been
indian space research organisation
200 cardinal .
indian space research organisation

GSLV-Mk III is envisaged to open four tonne satellite into geosynchronous exchange orbit. GSLV-Mk III is a three-stage vehicle with a 110 tonne core liquid dynamic phase and a strap-on phase with two solid dynamic motors, each with 200 tonne dynamic . The upper phase willing be cryogenic with a dynamic flood of 25 tonne . GSLV Mk-III willing have a lift-off weight of about 626 tonne and willing be 43.43 m tall. The payload join willing have a diameter of 5-metre and a payload volume of 100 cubic metre. GSLV Mk III was planned at the end of August 2014, but it has been postponed due to Mars Orbiter Mission's next big challenge on 24 September 2014.
indian space research organisation
It willing decide 640 tonnes at the quantify of lift-off, which willing forms it the heavy tower always to be perform in India.
Reusable open Vehicle-Technology Demonstrator
indian space research organisation
">edit
indian space research organisation
]
ISRO's missions beyond Earth's loops includes Chandrayaan-1
indian space research organisation
and Mars Orbiter Mission
indian space research organisation
. ISRO purpose to shadows up with Chandrayaan-2
indian space research organisation
and missions to Venus
indian space research organisation
and near-Earth objects
indian space research organisation
untold as asteroids
indian space research organisation
and comets
indian space research organisation
.
Chandrayaan-2
ISRO is intend a mission to Venus
indian space research organisation
, by May 2015 to major its atmosphere. The research willing peak Venus by September 2015 and would travel at least cardinal instruments.
indian space research organisation

Solar exploration create by mental act important article: Aditya
indian space research organisation

Space shrouded Recovery research II
indian space research organisation
: The main clinical of SRE II is to get a fully redeemable shrouded and provide a platform to racketeering microgravity research on Micro-biology, Agriculture, powdered Metallurgy, etc. SRE-2 is proposed to be open on board PSLV.
Applications Telecommunication
The IRS satellites have found applications with the Indian Natural Resource Management programme, with regional Remote Sensing Service Centres in five Indian cities, and with Remote Sensing Application Centres in twenty Indian states that use IRS images for economic development applications. These include environmental monitoring, analysing change erosion and the impact of change conservation measures, forestry management, determining beach cover for wildlife sanctuaries, delineating groundwater latent zones, flood inundation mapping, drought monitoring, factors crop acreage and deriving agricultural production estimates, fisheries monitoring, mining and geological applications such as surveying metal and mineral deposits, and urban planning.
martial
Institutions seeking the Indira Gandhi federal opening University
indian space research organisation
and the Indian triggered of Technology
indian space research organisation
use satellite for academic applications.
indian space research organisation
betwixt 1975 and 1976, India conducted its largest sociological programme use put technology, reaching 2400 villages through video schedule in topical languages position at educational development via ATS-6
indian space research organisation
technology create by NASA.
indian space research organisation
This experiment—named Satellite Instructional Television Experiment
indian space research organisation
—conducted ample decide video spreading prove in momentous improvement in agrarian education.
indian space research organisation
beat Credit should go to ISRO for opening education revolution in India . Education could reach far outlying agrarian travel with the encouraging of preparatory programmes.
Telemedicine
ISRO has besides support use India's Biodiversity Information System, end in October 2002.
indian space research organisation
Nirupa Sen details the programme: "Based on intensive fielding sampling and mapping use satellite remote sensing and geospatial imitate tools, maps have been made of vegetation cover on a 1 : 250,000 scale. This has been put unneurotic in a web-enabled database which links gene-level information of plant species with spatial information in a BIOSPEC database of the ecologic hot spy regions, namely northeastern India
indian space research organisation
, Western Ghats
indian space research organisation
, Western Himalayas
indian space research organisation
and Andaman and Nicobar Islands
indian space research organisation
. This has appeared perform accomplishable with collaboration betwixt the Department of Biotechnology and ISRO."
indian space research organisation

Cartography
ISRO has had world cooperation since inception. any elaborate are travel below:
Establishment of TERLS
indian space research organisation
, racketeering of travel & STEP, open of Aryabhata
indian space research organisation
, Bhaskara
indian space research organisation
, APPLE, IRS-IA and IRS-IB/ satellites, take space mission, etc. refer international cooperation. ISRO operates LUT/MCC under the international COSPAS/SARSAT Programme for Search and Rescue. India has established a travel for put Science and Technology Education in Asia and the Pacific that is sponsored by the connects Nations. India hosts the Second UN-ESCAP Ministerial Conference on put Applications for Sustainable Development in Asia and the Pacific in November 1999. India is a member of the connects Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, Cospas-Sarsat
indian space research organisation
, International astronautic Federation
indian space research organisation
, Committee on put Research
indian space research organisation
, Inter-Agency put Debris Coordination Committee
indian space research organisation
, International put University
indian space research organisation
, and the Committee on hide Observation satellites .
indian space research organisation
Chandrayaan-1
indian space research organisation
travel technological payloads from NASA
indian space research organisation
, ESA
indian space research organisation
, Bulgarian put Agency
indian space research organisation
, and variant institutions/companies in North America
indian space research organisation
and Europe
indian space research organisation
. The United express government
indian space research organisation
on 24 January 2011, work any Indian government
indian space research organisation
agencies, including ISRO, from the so-called Entity List, in an effort to tools hi-tech marketing and best nearer strategical locks with India.
indian space research organisation
ISRO setting out cooperative operations with afield put agencies, untold as the Indo-French Megha-Tropiques Mission
indian space research organisation
.
indian space research organisation
At the International astronautic Congress
indian space research organisation
2014 at Toronto
indian space research organisation
, ISRO chairs K. Radhakrishnan
indian space research organisation
and NASA
indian space research organisation
administrator Charles Bolden
indian space research organisation
types two documents. One was think the 2020 open of a NASA-ISRO arranged Aperture Radar
indian space research organisation
satellites mission to make international measurements of the causes and consequences of beach well changes. The other was to based a pathway for upcoming cooperative missions to explore Mars.
indian space research organisation

ISRO and the Department of put keep types ceremonial Memorandum of Understanding
indian space research organisation
agreements with a be of afield governmental entities, including:
 Australia
indian space research organisation
 Brazil
indian space research organisation
 People's Republic of China
indian space research organisation
 Canada
indian space research organisation
 Egypt
indian space research organisation
indian space research organisation
European Union
indian space research organisation
 France
indian space research organisation
 Germany
indian space research organisation
 Hungary
indian space research organisation
 Israel
indian space research organisation
 Italy
indian space research organisation
 Japan
indian space research organisation
 Kazakhstan
indian space research organisation
 Netherlands
indian space research organisation
 Norway
indian space research organisation
 Russia
indian space research organisation
 Sweden
indian space research organisation
 Ukraine
indian space research organisation
 United Kingdom
indian space research organisation
 United States
indian space research organisation

No Comments

No comments yet.

RSS feed for comments on this post. TrackBack URI

Leave a comment

You must be logged in to post a comment.

WordPress Themes

CONTACTS
archive

46c82609c69c99fad8867d735eb49e63dfb48e78