Government

A government is the system by which a state
government
or community is governed.
government
In the Commonwealth of Nations
government
, the vent government is besides employed more than narrowly to involves to the collective groups of people
government
that work executive authority
government
in a state.
government
government
government
This usage is akin to what is label an "administration
government
" in American English. Furthermore, government is on occasion employed in English as a synonym
government
for governance
government
.
government of any kinder presently improved all hominid activity in galore central ways. For this reason, political scientists
government
by and large opposed that government should not be investigates by itself; but should be investigates on with anthropology
government
, economics
government
, history
government
, philosophy
government
, science
government
, and sociology
government
.
governmental science Etymology
In governmental science, it has desire appeared a goal to designed a typology or taxonomy of polities
government
, as typologies of governmental systems are not obvious.
government
It is particularly central in the political science
government
handle of comparative politics
government
and international relations
government
.
price a perform of government is besides dress because a ample be of political systems
government
arose as socio-economic movements
government
and are sometime travel into governments by special parties
government
naming themselves after those movements; all with plays political-ideologies. experiencing with those movements in power, and the strong ties they may keep to particular manufactured of government, can cause them to be considered as manufactured of government in themselves.
all country in the world is ruled by a system of governance that combines at least 2 of the following attributes . Additionally, one person's opinion of the write of government may differs from another's .
government
There are ever shades of gray in any government. flat the most neoliberal democracies limit plays political activity to one extent or another, and flat the most tyrannical dictatorships essential organise a broad establish of support, so it is very difficult "pigeonholing
government
" all government into dress categories.
The Classical Greek
government
philosopher
government
Plato
government
cover cardinal copied of regimes. They are aristocracy
government
, timocracy
government
, oligarchy
government
, democracy
government
and tyranny
government
. Plato besides assigns a man to each of these regimes to elaborate what they be for. The domineering man would represent tyranny for example. These five regimes progressively worsen starting with aristocracy at the top and tyranny at the bottom.
Descriptions of governments can be basing on the following attributes:
By elements of where decision-making give is see Aristarchic rating
governments with cavalier rating are dominate by one person who has all the give finished the populate in a country. The Roman Republic
government
perform dictators to stolen during meters of war; the romanic dictators single see give for a small time. In contemporary times, an autocrat's rule is not braking by any rules of law, constitutions
government
, or other societal and governmental institutions. aft World War II, galore governments in Latin America, Asia, and Africa be tamper by cavalier governments. Examples of autocrats include Idi Amin
government
, Muammar Gaddafi
government
, Adolf Hitler
government
and Gamal Abdul Nasser
government
.
titled Definition Autocracy
government
overrides by one individual, whose decisions are exposing to broken outermost legal restraints nor first-string mechanisms of favorite tamper . An autocrat necessitate servants while a despot necessitate slaves. Despotism
government
overrides by a single entity with request power. That entity may be an individual, as in an autocracy, or it may be a group, as in an oligarchy. The vent despotism convey to "rule in the fashion of a despot" and does not necessarily require a single, or individual, "despot". A despot needs slaves while an autocrat needs servants. Dictatorship
government
Rule by an individual who has full power finished the country. The titled may refer to a system where the dictator happen to power, and respects it, strictly by force; but it also encompasses systems where the dictator first happen to power legitimately but then was capable to amend the constitution so as to, in effect, garner all power for themselves.
government
In a martial dictatorship, the army is in control. Usually, at that place is smallest or no attention to in the public eye opinion or idiosyncratic rights. See besides Autocracy
government
and Stratocracy
government
. Fascism
government
overrides by leader establish only. think to a great extent on patriotism
government
and national identity
government
. The leader has the power to forms things illegal that do not relate to nationalism, or increase belief in federal pride. They believe their nation is based on commitment to an organic federal community where its citizens are connects unneurotic as one people through a federal identity. It praise nation and race above the individual and be for intensive economic and social regimentation, and forceful suppression of opposition. Monarchic attributes
heedless of the perform of government, the current governance may be affect by sectors with political power
government
which are not move of the ceremonial government. reliable contest of the governors, untold as corruption
government
, demagoguery
government
, or fear mongering
government
, may interrupts the intend way of work of the government if they are overall enough.
titled Definition Bankocracy
government
overrides by banks;
government
a system of governance with ultra power or influence of act and variant financial authorities on public policy-making. It can besides involves to a form of government where financial institutions rule society. Corporatocracy
government
overrides by corporations; a system of governance where an businesslike and governmental system is manipulate by corporations or corporate interests.
government
Its use is by and large pejorative. Examples includes company overrides in India
government
and business voters for the City of London Corporation
government
. Nepotocracy
government
overrides by nephews; favouritism
government
provide to relatives
government
heedless of merit
government
; a system of governance in which importance is given to the relatives of those already in power, like a nephew . In untold governments flat if the relatives aren't qualified they are given positions of authority just because they know someone who already has authority. Pope Alexander VI
government
was fault of this. Kakistocracy
government
overrides by the stupid; a system of governance where the lowest or least-qualified citizens decide or prescribed policies. Due to human nature
government
be inherently flawed, it has appeared promising that every government which has always be has appeared a prime example of kakistocracy. See Idiocracy
government
. Kleptocracy
government
Rule by thieves; a system of governance where its officials and the manipulate class in general pursue personal wealth and political power at the expense of the wider population. In strict terms kleptocracy is not a form of government but a diagnostic of a government act in untold behavior. Examples include Mexico as being considered a narcokleptocracy, since its antiauthoritarian government is listening to be corrupted by those who profit from trade in illegal drugs smuggled into the United States. Ochlocracy
government
overrides by the widespread populace; a system of governance where mob overrides is government by mob or a masses of people, or the intimidation
government
of recognizes authorities. As a derogatory for majoritarianism
government
, it is similar to the Latin
government
phrase peregrine vulgus meaning "the inconstant crowd", from which the English titled "mob" was originally derives in the 1680s. Ochlocratic governments are frequently a democracy spoiled by demagoguery
government
, "tyranny of the majority
government
" and the overrides of passion over reason; untold governments can be as oppressive as autocratic tyrants. Ochlocracy is akin in convey and usage to the modern, casual titled "mobocracy." By elements of who elects the empowered totalitarian rating
government
This separate need expansion
government
. titled Definition Authoritarian
government
overrides by totalitarian governments is distinguished in societies where a specific set of populate exhibited the authority of the note in a republic
government
or union. It is a political system
government
manipulate by unelected rulers who normally recognizes any degree of individual freedom
government
. Totalitarian
government
Rule by a totalitarian government is stratified by a extremely centralised and coercive authority that regulates active all aspect of public and clannish life. antiauthoritarian rating favor information: Outline of democracy
government

Demarchy, in theory, could get the better of any of the structural problems of traditional representative democracy
government
, which is widely exposing to manipulation by special interests
government
and a division betwixt nonrecreational policymakers vs. a mostly passive, unconcerned and frequently unknowing electorate. match to Australian philosopher John Burnheim
government
, haphazard selection of policymakers would forms it unplanned for everyday citizens to meaningfully participate, and troublesome for circumstantial interest to stretching the process.
governments with oligarchic attributes are ruled by a atomic group of segregated, powerful and/or influential people, who usually share akin interests and/or family relations. These populate may spread give and elect candidates equally or not equally. An oligarchy is different from a align democracy because very few populate are computerized the chance to change things. An oligarchy does not have to be hereditary or monarchic. An oligarchy does not have one transparent ruler, but several rulers.
Outside of the U.S., and by most individuals that self-identify as anarchists, it express a system of governance, largely abstractive at a nation note level. There are besides other manufactured of anarchy that attempt to avoid the use of coercion, violence, force and authority, while still producing a amentiferous and desirable society.
government
government

Anocracy
government
An anocracy is a regime type where power is not vested in public institutions but spread amongst elite gangs who are invariably plays with all other for power. Examples of anocracies in Africa includes the warlords of Somalia
government
and the overlap governments in Kenya
government
and Zimbabwe
government
. Anocracies are price important betwixt an autocracy
government
and a democracy
government
.
government

frequently the vent is be more than broadly. For example a 2010 International Alert
government
publication be anocracies as "countries that are broken autocratic nor democratic, most of which are building the hazardous convert betwixt autocracy and democracy".
government
Alert noted that the be of anocracies had increased surface since the end of the coldest War. Anocracy is not surprisingly the least resilient political system to short-term shocks: it creates the promise but not yet the actuality of an inclusive and effective political economy, and threatens members of the open elite; and is hence very assailable to disruption and armed violence.
Banana republic
government
A banana republic is a politically seismic kleptocratic government that economically depends upon the marketing of a manipulate resource , and normally features a society graphs of stratified
government
social classes
government
, untold as a great, starved ergatocracy and a manipulate plutocracy, graphs of the aristocracy of business, politics, and the military.
government
In political science
government
, the titled banana republic designated a country babelike upon manipulate primary-sector productions
government
, which is tamper by a plutocracy
government
who mining the federal economy by convey of a politico-economic oligarchy
government
.
government
In American literature
government
, the titled banana republic originally designated the fictional Republic of Anchuria, a bootlicking dictatorship that abetted, or support for kickbacks
government
, the exploitation of large-scale plantation agriculture, particularly banana cultivation.
government
In U.S. politics, the titled banana republic
government
is a derogatory governmental descriptor create verbally by the American writer O. Henry
government
in Steal and Kings , a schedule of thematically think shorts stories derives from his 1896–97 residence in Honduras
government
, where he was buried from U.S. law for behave embezzlement
government
.
government
Maoism
government
The theory and practise of Marxism-Leninism
government
create in China by Mao Zedong
government
, which express that a continuous revolution is constituent if the leaders of a communist note are to keep in touches with the people. By elements of how give distribution is interlocked Republican attributes
Federalism is a political
government
concept in which a groups of members are shores unneurotic by communicate with a select representative head
government
. The titled "federalism" is besides employed to outlining a system of government in which sovereignty
government
is constitutionally
government
episodic between a principal select authority and requisite governmental units . Federalism is a system basing upon democratic
government
tamper and institutions in which the give to decide is overlap between federal and provincial/state governments, perform what is frequently label a federation
government
. Proponents are frequently label federalists
government
.
titled Definition Federalism
government
overrides by a form of government in which the people, or some momentous spread of them, have supreme control finished the government and where offices of note are adopted or decide by adopted people.
government
government
Montesquieu
government
include any democracies
government
, where all the populate keep a shares in rule, and aristocracies
government
or oligarchies
government
, where single any of the populate rule, as republican manufactured of government.
government
Federal monarchy
government
A nationalist monarchy is a federation of express with a only monarch as overall chairs of the federation, but retain different monarchs, or a non-monarchical system of government, in the various express connected to the federation. Federal republic
government
A nationalist yankee of express or provinces with a republican perform of government. Examples includes Argentina
government
, Austria
government
, Brazil
government
, Germany
government
, India
government
, Russia
government
, and Switzerland
government
. variant give organize rating titled Definition Adhocracy
government
overrides by a government basing on comparatively broken principles and institutions as analyze to a bureaucracy
government
, its demand opposite. Anarchism
government
Sometimes express to be non-governance; it is a organize which strives for non-hierarchical willful associations among agents. Anarchy is a situation where at that place is no government.
Historically, most governmental systems arose as socioeconomic
government
ideologies
government
; experiencing with those movements in power, and the strongest locks they may have to particular manufactured of government, can perform them to be considered as manufactured of government in themselves.
titled Definition Capitalism
government
In a bourgeois or free-market economy, populate own their own businesses and property and essential buy servicing for clannish use. Communism
government
A perform of socialism, a stateless, classless, moneyless society, basing on communal ownership of industry, Feudalism
government
A system of beach ownership and duties. Under feudalism, all the beach in a kingdom was the king's. However, the king would give any of the beach to the lords or nobles who battles for him. These presents of beach be label manors. Then the nobles gave any of their beach to vassals. The vassals then had to do duties for the nobles. The lands of vassals be label fiefs. Socialism
government
In a cooperative society, workers democratically doner cooperatives own all industry, in the public eye servicing may be commonly or note owned, untold as healthcare and education. Welfare state
government
Concept of government in which the note playing a key role in the protection and promotion of the businesslike and societal well-being of its citizens. It is basing on the principles of equality of opportunity
government
, truthful distribution of wealth
government
, and public responsibility
government
for those incapable to use themselves of the borderline give for a solid life. By momentous constitutional rating
This inventory think on differs happen that governmental systems lead to the distribution of sovereignty
government
, and the autonomy
government
of regions indoors the state.
Sovereignty find solely at the travel of governmental jurisdiction. Empire
government
Unitary state
government
Sovereignty find at the travel and in marginal areas. Hegemony
government
Federation
government
and federal republic
government
Confederation
government
Federal monarchy
government
setting degrees of sovereignty. Asymmetrical federalism
government
Federacy
government
Associated state
government
Protectorate
government
Colonial dependency
government
Thalassocracy
government
League
government
Commonwealth
government
Decentralisation
government
and devolution
government
abstractive and wildcat rating
While retain any semblance of republican
government
government, a corporate republic would be run chiefly seeking a business
government
, refer a board of directors
government
and executives
government
. Utilities
government
, include hospitals
government
, schools
government
, the military
government
, and the police force
government
, would be privatised
government
. The social welfare
government
function travel out by the state is instead travel out by corporations in the perform of get to employees. Although corporate republics do not existing officially in the modern world, they are frequently employed in work of fiction or political commentary
government
as a report of the listening dangers of get rid of capitalism
government
. In untold works, they usually arose when a single, vastly almighty corporation oust a weaker government, finished quantify or in a coup d'état
government
.
See besides has quotations think to: government
government
Central government
government
Civics
government
Comparative government
government
Constitutional economics
government
Legal rights
government
List of countries by system of government
government
List of European yankee member express by governmental system
government
Ministry
government
Political economy
government
Politics
government
State
government
Voting system
government
World government
government
write ^
government
"government"
government
. Oxford English Dictionary, Oxford University Press. November 2010.  ^
government
"government."
government
. Oxford Dictionaries e. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 7 December 2014.  ^
government
Bealey, Frank, ed. . "government". The Blackwell dictionary of governmental science: a user's manipulate to its terms
government
. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 147. ISBN
government
 0631206957
government
^
government
"government."
government
. Macquarie Dictionary. Macmillan Publishers Group. 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2014.  ^
government
archon
government
. On-line Etymology Dictionary. Etymonline.com. Retrieved on 2013-03-15. ^
government
Lewellen, Ted C. governmental Anthropology: An Introduction ordinal Edition. Praeger Publishers; 3rd edition ^
government
Comparative politics : interests, identities, and institutions in a habit international order, Jeffrey Kopstein, brands Lichbach , 2nd ed, Cambridge University Press, 2005, ISBN 0521708400
government
, p. 4 ^
government
Leo P. Ribuffo, "20 Suggestions for investigates the correctly now that investigates the correctly is Trendy," Historically network Jan 2011 v.12#1 pp 2–6, summarized on p. 6 ^
government
Kari Frederickson, The Dixiecrat Revolt and the End of the Solid South, 1932–1968, p. 12, "...conservative southern Democrats think warily the latent of New Deal programs to existing the region's economic dependence on cheap repulse while stimulating the democratic ambitions of the deprive and undermining green supremacy.", The University of North Carolina Press, 2000, ISBN 978-0-8078-4910-1
government
^
government
"Plutocrats – The tower of the New international Super-Rich and the travel of Everyone Else"
government
Chrystia Freeland is Global Editor-at-Large at Reuters news agency, following years of service at the fiscal meters both in New York and London. She was the deputy editor of Canada's Globe and redirected and has reported for the fiscal Times, Economist, and Washington Post. She lives in New York City. ^
government
Ernst R. Berndt, .“From Technocracy To Net Energy Analysis: Engineers, Economists And occurs Energy Theories Of Value”
government
, analyse in Energy and the American Economy, Discussion cover No. 11, Massachusetts initiate of Technology, rewritten September 1982 ^
government
American 503 ^
government
Fotopoulos, Takis
government
, The dimensional Crisis and Inclusive Democracy
government
. . . ^
government
"Victorian Electronic Democracy : Glossary"
government
. 28 July 2005. collect from the original
government
on 13 December 2007.  ^
government
Field Listing :: government type
government
. CIA – The multinational Factbook. Retrieved on 2013-03-15. ^
government
American 1134 ^
government
Waibl, Elmar; Herdina, Philip . Dictionary of philosophic label vol. II – English-German / Englisch-Deutsch
government
. Walter de Gruyter. p. 33. ISBN
government
 3110979497
government
. Retrieved September 18, 2012.  ^
government
"Corporatocracy"
government
. Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved May 29, 2012. /ˌkôrpərəˈtäkrəsē/ .... a society or system that is select or manipulate by corporations:  ^
government
Spencer Heath MacCallum A halcyon fermented in Somalia
government
. The autarkic Institute. Independent.org. Retrieved on 2013-03-15. ^
government
American 1225 ^
government
"Plutocracy Rising" Moyers & Company
government
. Billmoyers.com . Retrieved on 2013-03-15. ^
government
American 1793 ^
government
"Decentralism: Where It happen From-Where Is It Going?". Amazon.com. ISBN
government
 1551642484
government
.  lack or improved |url= ^
government
"Anarchy." Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. 2004. The archetypal summarized usage is 1667 ^
government
"Anarchy." Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. 2004. The archetypal summarized usage is 1552 ^
government
"Anarchy." Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press
government
. 2004. The archetypal summarized usage is 1850. ^
government
"Noam Chomsky on the history of Anarchy"
government
. Youtube.com. 2011-09-07. Retrieved 2012-01-30.  ^
government
"A discussion on what anarchy is, by those that self-identify as anarchists"
government
. anarchy.net.  ^
government
Marshall, Monty G.; Cole, Benjamin R. . "Global warning 2011: Conflict, Governance, and note Fragility"
government
. Vienna: refer for widespread Peace. Retrieved 2012-08-15.  ^
government
Vernon, Phil; Baksh, Deborrah . "Working with the grains to improved the Grain: speed Beyond the Millennium Development Goals"
government
. London: International Alert
government
. p. 29. Retrieved 2012-08-15.  ^
government
Richard Alan green . The Morass. connects express Intervention in principal America
government
. New York: Harper & Row. p. 319. ISBN
government
 9780060911454
government
.  ^ a
government
b
government
"Big-business Greed hit the Banana "
government
. The Independent, via The New Zealand Herald
government
. 24 May 2008. Retrieved 24 June 2012.  ^
government
O. Henry . Cabbages and Kings
government
. MobileReference. p. 198. ISBN
government
 978-1-60778-412-8
government
. Retrieved 15 March 2013. While he was in Honduras, Porter coined the term 'banana republic'  ^ a
government
b
government
Montesquieu
government
, The spirits of the Laws
government
, Bk. II, ch. 1. ^ a
government
b
government
"Republic". Encyclopædia Britannica.  ^
government
"republic"
government
. WordNet 3.0 . Retrieved 20 gimp 2009.  ^
government
"Republic"
government
. Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 14 August 2010.  ^ a
government
b
government
Montesquieu, spirits of the Laws, Bk. II, ch. 2–3. ^
government
Freedom in The World, 2014 get shelves
government
Bibliography American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language . 222 Berkeley Street, Boston, MA 02116: Houghton Mifflin Company. ISBN 0-395-82517-2
government
favor interpret Krader, Lawrence . Formation of the State, in Foundations of Modern Anthropology Series. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall. x, 118 p. outermost think sound up government
government
in Wiktionary, the enfranchised dictionary. sound up Appendix:List of manufactured of government
government
in Wiktionary, the enfranchised dictionary. The Phrontistery vent List: copied of government and Leadership
government
What Are the other copied of governments?
government
Types of governments from Historical Atlas of the 20th Century
government
Other classifications examples from Historical Atlas of the 20th Century
government
World Affairs: copied of government
government
Regime Types
government
CBBC Newsround: copied of government
government
Bill Moyers: Plutocracy Rising
government
Phobiocracy by Chris Claypoole
government

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